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A sports-based youth development program, teen mental health, and physical fitness: An RCT
Ho,Frederick Ka Wing1; Louie,Lobo Hung Tak2; Hing-Sang Wong,Wilfred1; Chan,Ko Ling3; Tiwari,Agnes4; Chow,Chun Bong1; Ho,Walter5; Wong,William6; Chan,Meanne7; Chen,Eric Yu Hai8; Cheung,Yiu Fai1; Ip,Patrick1
2017-10-01
Source PublicationPediatrics
ISSN10984275 00314005
Volume140Issue:4
AbstractOBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of a positive youth development (PYD)-based sports mentorship program on the physical and mental well-being of adolescents recruited in a community setting. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial in which we recruited students from 12 secondary schools in Hong Kong, China. Participants were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to an intervention or a control arm after stratification for school from October 2013 to June 2014. Participants were not blinded to allocation because of the nature of the intervention. Students in the intervention arm received an after-school, PYD-based sports mentorship for 18 weeks. Each weekly session lasted 90 minutes. Students in the control arm received exclusive access to a health education Web site. RESULTS: Six hundred and sixty-four students (mean age 12.3 years [SD 0.76]; 386 girls [58.1%]) completed baseline and postintervention assessments. The intervention improved students' mental well-being (Cohen's d, 0.25; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.10 to 0.40; P = .001), self-efficacy (Cohen's d, 0.22; 95% CI, 0.07 to 0.37; P = .01), resilience (Cohen's d, 0.19; 95% CI, 0.03 to 0.34; P = .02), physical fitness (flexibility [Cohen's d, 0.28; 95% CI, 0.13 to 0.43; P = .02], lower limb muscle strength [Cohen's d, 0.18; 95% CI, 0.03 to 0.33; P = .03], and dynamic balance [Cohen's d, 0.21; 95% CI, 0.06 to 0.37; P = .01]), and physical activity levels (Cohen's d, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.24 to 0.55; P < .0001). The intervention did not significantly improve physical well-being (Cohen's d, -0.01; 95% CI, -0.17 to 0.14; P = .86), BMI z scores (Cohen's d, -0.03; 95% CI, -0.18 to 0.12; P = .69), body fat proportion (Cohen's d, -0.15; 95% CI, -0.31 to 0.00; P = .051), and social connectedness (Cohen's d, -0.03; 95% CI, -0.18 to 0.12; P = .72). CONCLUSIONS: A PYD-based sports mentorship intervention improved healthy adolescents' mental well-being, psychological assets, physical fitness, and physical activity levels.
DOI10.1542/peds.2017-1543
URLView the original
Language英语
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Cited Times [WOS]:4   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Corresponding AuthorIp,Patrick
Affiliation1.Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine,University of Hong Kong,Queen Mary Hospital,,Pok Fu Lam,Hong Kong
2.Department of Physical Education,Hong Kong Baptist University,,Kowloon Tong,Hong Kong
3.Department of Applied Social Sciences,Hong Kong Polytechnic University,,Hung Hom,Hong Kong
4.Departments of School of Nursing,University of Hong Kong,,Pok Fu Lam,Hong Kong
5.Faculty of Education,University of Macau,,Taipa,Macao
6.Departments of Family Medicine and Primary Care,University of Hong Kong,,Pok Fu Lam,Hong Kong
7.Department of Psychology,University of Toronto,,Toronto,Canada
8.Departments of Psychiatry,University of Hong Kong,,Pok Fu Lam,Hong Kong
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ho,Frederick Ka Wing,Louie,Lobo Hung Tak,Hing-Sang Wong,Wilfred,et al. A sports-based youth development program, teen mental health, and physical fitness: An RCT[J]. Pediatrics,2017,140(4).
APA Ho,Frederick Ka Wing.,Louie,Lobo Hung Tak.,Hing-Sang Wong,Wilfred.,Chan,Ko Ling.,Tiwari,Agnes.,...&Ip,Patrick.(2017).A sports-based youth development program, teen mental health, and physical fitness: An RCT.Pediatrics,140(4).
MLA Ho,Frederick Ka Wing,et al."A sports-based youth development program, teen mental health, and physical fitness: An RCT".Pediatrics 140.4(2017).
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