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Cultural Differences in Attitudes Toward Action and Inaction: The Role of Dialecticism
Ethan Zell1; Rong Su2; Hong L3; Moon-Ho Ringo Ho4; Sungjin Hong2; Tarcan Kumkale5; Sarah D. Stauffer6; Gregory Zecca6; Huajian Cai7; Sonia Roccas8; Javier Arce-Michel9; Cristina de Sousa10; Rolando Diaz-Loving11; Maria Mercedes Botero12; Lucia Mannetti13; Claudia Garcia14; Pilar Carrera15; Amparo Cabalero15; Masatake Ikemi16; Darius Chan17; Allan Bernardo18; Fernando Garcia19; Inge Brechan20; Greg Maio21; Dolores Albarracı´n22
2013
Source PublicationSocial Psychological and Personality Science
ISSN1948-5506
Volume4Issue:5Pages:521-528
Abstract

The current research examined whether nations differ in their attitudes toward action and inaction. It was anticipated that members of dialectical East Asian societies would show a positive association in their attitudes toward action/inaction. However, members of nondialectical European-American societies were expected toshow a negative association in their attitudes toward action/inaction. Young adults in 19 nations completed measures of dialectical thinking and attitudes toward action/inaction. Results from multi-level modeling showed, as predicted, that people from high dialecticism nations reported a more positive association in their attitudes toward action and inaction than people from low dialecticism nations. Furthermore, these findings remained after controlling for cultural differences in individualism-collectivism, neuroticism, gross-domestic product, and response style. Discussion highlights the implications of these findings for action/inaction goals, dialecticism, and culture.

KeywordAction Research Attitudes Attitudinal Ambivalence Culture And Cognition Culture/ethnicity
DOI10.1177/1948550612468774
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Social
WOS IDWOS:000336436600002
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Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Corresponding AuthorEthan Zell
Affiliation1.University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC, USA
2.University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA
3.Battelle Center for Analytics and Public Health, St. Louis, MO, USA
4.Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
5.Koc University, Istanbul, Turkey
6.University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
7.Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
8.Open University of Israel, Ra’anana, Israel
9.Centro de Investigaciones y Asistencia en Psicologı´a, Santa Cruz, Bolivia
10.Instituto Piaget, Almada, Portugal
11.National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
12.Universidad del Norte, Barranquilla, Columbia
13.University of Rome, Rome, Italy
14.Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, Guatemala City, Guatemala
15.Universidad Auto´noma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
16.Nihon University, Tokyo, Japan
17.Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
18.De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines
19.Fundacio´n Aigle´, Buenos Aires, Argentina
20.University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
21.Cardiff University, Cardiff, England
22.University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ethan Zell,Rong Su,Hong L,et al. Cultural Differences in Attitudes Toward Action and Inaction: The Role of Dialecticism[J]. Social Psychological and Personality Science,2013,4(5):521-528.
APA Ethan Zell.,Rong Su.,Hong L.,Moon-Ho Ringo Ho.,Sungjin Hong.,...&Dolores Albarracı´n.(2013).Cultural Differences in Attitudes Toward Action and Inaction: The Role of Dialecticism.Social Psychological and Personality Science,4(5),521-528.
MLA Ethan Zell,et al."Cultural Differences in Attitudes Toward Action and Inaction: The Role of Dialecticism".Social Psychological and Personality Science 4.5(2013):521-528.
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