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Measuring Hope in the Philippines: Validating the Short Version of the Locus-of-Hope Scale in Filipino
Allan B. I. Bernardo1; Alicia F. Estrellado2
2014-12
Source PublicationSocial Indicators Research
ISSN0303-8300
Volume119Issue:3Pages:1649–1661
Abstract

A short version of the locus-of-hope Scale was developed and translated into the Filipino language for the purpose of assessing hope in Filipinos who have lower levels of education and who may not have adequate levels of proficiency in English. The 20-item scale had four locus-of-hope subscales (internal, external-family, external-peers, and external-spiritual) each with four items (another four were filler items); all items described thoughts associated with some capacity and strategy to attain important goals in life. A sample (N = 362) of adults from communities in Metro Manila were asked to answer the scale, as well as measures of optimism, self-esteem, and life satisfaction. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated an adequate fit between the hypothesized four-factor structure and the data, but the internal locus-of-hope scale was found to have low internal consistency. Regression analysis showed positive associations between the internal and external-family locus-of-hope subscales and the three measures of wellbeing. But external-peers locus-of-hope was negatively associated with optimism and self-esteem, and external-spiritual locus-of-hope was positively related with optimism.

KeywordHope Locus-of-hope Optimism Self-esteem Life-satisfaction Wellbeing Filipinos
DOI10.1007/s11205-013-0573-7
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaSocial Sciences - Other Topics ; Sociology
WOS SubjectSocial Sciences, Interdisciplinary ; Sociology
WOS IDWOS:000344611600028
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Citation statistics
Cited Times [WOS]:12   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Corresponding AuthorAllan B. I. Bernardo
Affiliation1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MacauTaipa SAR, China
2.Counseling and Educational Psychology Department De La Salle University Manila Philippines
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Allan B. I. Bernardo,Alicia F. Estrellado. Measuring Hope in the Philippines: Validating the Short Version of the Locus-of-Hope Scale in Filipino[J]. Social Indicators Research,2014,119(3):1649–1661.
APA Allan B. I. Bernardo,&Alicia F. Estrellado.(2014).Measuring Hope in the Philippines: Validating the Short Version of the Locus-of-Hope Scale in Filipino.Social Indicators Research,119(3),1649–1661.
MLA Allan B. I. Bernardo,et al."Measuring Hope in the Philippines: Validating the Short Version of the Locus-of-Hope Scale in Filipino".Social Indicators Research 119.3(2014):1649–1661.
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