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Early childhood education quality and child outcomes in China: Evidence from Zhejiang Province
Li,Kejian1; Pan,Yi2; Hu,Biying3; Burchinal,Margaret2; De Marco,Allison2; Fan,Xitao3; Qin,Jinliang1
Source PublicationEarly Childhood Research Quarterly
AbstractDespite high rates of Chinese kindergarteners (3-years old) enrollment in early care and education (ECE), the quality of that care has not been widely examined. Following rapid economic growth in urban areas in the past three decades, there are growing concerns within China that families in urban and rural areas are experiencing an ECE opportunity gap. To address this concern, this study examined ECE quality and its association with child outcomes based on a relatively large sample of kindergartens in China. Using a stratified and random sampling method, the study recruited 1, 012 children (age 3-6) from 178 classrooms in Zhejiang Province, a relatively developed region with a population of over 54 million people. We used the Chinese Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale to measure ECE quality and found moderately low quality for the study sample. Also, lower quality was observed in rural than urban areas, in private than public programs, and in programs with overall low parent education than those with high parent education. One dimension of quality, teaching and interactions, predicted child outcomes in language, early math, and social cognition as measured by the Children's Developmental Scale of China (age 3-6) in hierarchical linear models. The possible sociocultural and contextual reasons for these findings and implications for policymakers and practitioners are discussed in this paper.
KeywordAssociation Child outcome China Early childhood education Quality
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Cited Times [WOS]:18   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Education
Corresponding AuthorQin,Jinliang
Affiliation1.Zhejiang Normal University,,China
2.Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute,University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill,,United States
3.University of Macau,,Macao
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li,Kejian,Pan,Yi,Hu,Biying,et al. Early childhood education quality and child outcomes in China: Evidence from Zhejiang Province[J]. Early Childhood Research Quarterly,2016,36:427-438.
APA Li,Kejian.,Pan,Yi.,Hu,Biying.,Burchinal,Margaret.,De Marco,Allison.,...&Qin,Jinliang.(2016).Early childhood education quality and child outcomes in China: Evidence from Zhejiang Province.Early Childhood Research Quarterly,36,427-438.
MLA Li,Kejian,et al."Early childhood education quality and child outcomes in China: Evidence from Zhejiang Province".Early Childhood Research Quarterly 36(2016):427-438.
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