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Links between teacher assessment and child self-assessment of mental health and behavior among children affected by HIV/AIDS
Du, HF1; Li, XM2; Weinstein, TL2; Chi, PL1; Zhao, JF3; Zhao, GX3
2015
Source PublicationAIDS CARE-PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIO-MEDICAL ASPECTS OF AIDS/HIV
ISSN0954-0121
Volume27Issue:7Pages:876-884
Abstract

Teachers are considered to be one of the most important influences in the lives of students. Teachers' assessments of students may be a primary source ofinformation on children's mental and behavioral health; however, this topic has received little attention in research. We examined this issue through linking teachers' ratings of students and mental and behavioral outcomes of children affected by HIV. The hypothesis is that teacher ratings will be predictive ofspecific child mental and behavioral health outcomes. A quantitative cross-sectional design with self-administered paper-and-pencil instruments was used. The sample included 1221 children (aged 6-18, grades 1-11) affected by HIV including 755 orphans who lost one or both parents to AIDS and 466 vulnerable children living with HIV-infected parents in a central province of China. The corresponding teacher sample included 185 participants. Each child completed an assessment inventory of demographic information and mental and behavioral health measures. Teachers completed a questionnaire about children's school performance. SEM analyses revealed a good model fit according to all fit indices: comparative fit index = 0.93, root mean square error ofapproximation = 0.07, and standardized root mean square residual = 0.04. Structural equation modeling revealed that problem ratings by teachers were positively associated with child loneliness and behavioral problems, social competence ratings by teachers were negatively related to child depression, and personal growth and social interaction ratings by teachers were negatively related to child loneliness, depression, and trauma. The current study represents a unique contribution to the field in that it recognizes that teachers can be a valuable source of information on children's psychological health. Results from this study have implications for health prevention and intervention for children and families suffering from HIV/AIDS.

KeywordTeacher Ratings Aids/hiv Mental Health Behavioral Health Children
DOI10.1080/09540121.2015.1009360
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychology ; Respiratory System ; Health Care Sciences & Services ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health ; Biomedical Social Sciences
WOS SubjectHealth Policy & Services ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health ; Psychology, Multidisciplinary ; Respiratory System ; Social Sciences, Biomedical
WOS IDWOS:000353482500010
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Cited Times [WOS]:3   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Social Sciences
DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Affiliation1.Univ Macau, Dept Psychol, Macau, Peoples R China
2.Wayne State Univ, Sch Med, Pediat Prevent Res Ctr, Detroit, MI USA
3.Henan Univ, Inst Behav & Psychol, Kaifeng, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Du, HF,Li, XM,Weinstein, TL,et al. Links between teacher assessment and child self-assessment of mental health and behavior among children affected by HIV/AIDS[J]. AIDS CARE-PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIO-MEDICAL ASPECTS OF AIDS/HIV,2015,27(7):876-884.
APA Du, HF,Li, XM,Weinstein, TL,Chi, PL,Zhao, JF,&Zhao, GX.(2015).Links between teacher assessment and child self-assessment of mental health and behavior among children affected by HIV/AIDS.AIDS CARE-PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIO-MEDICAL ASPECTS OF AIDS/HIV,27(7),876-884.
MLA Du, HF,et al."Links between teacher assessment and child self-assessment of mental health and behavior among children affected by HIV/AIDS".AIDS CARE-PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIO-MEDICAL ASPECTS OF AIDS/HIV 27.7(2015):876-884.
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