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Causality in direct air services and tourism demand
Koo,Tay T.R.1; Lim,Christine3,4; Dobruszkes,Frédéric2
Source PublicationAnnals of Tourism Research

Unlike income or relative prices, air transport attributes and tourism demand on a given route can be endogenous. Using instrumental variables, this study attempted to account for the circular causality in estimating the effect of direct air service on tourism demand. Although we found evidence of endogeneity, the nature of the circular causation is context-specific; while direct air service can be regarded as an exogenous variable in one direction, it can have an endogenous relationship on the other. Findings emphasise the need to explicate information about the network nature of transportation and its endogenous relations with tourism.

KeywordAir Transport Liberalization Direct Air Services Endogeneity Instrumental Variable Liml Estimator Tourism Demand
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
WOS Research AreaSocial Sciences - Other Topics ; Sociology
WOS SubjectHospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism ; Sociology
WOS IDWOS:000416498000007
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Cited Times [WOS]:11   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
Corresponding AuthorKoo,Tay T.R.
Affiliation1.School of Aviation,Faculty of Science,UNSW Australia,,Sydney,2052,Australia
2.Université Libre de Bruxelles,Faculty of Science,IGEAT,,Brussels,1050,Belgium
3.Division of Marketing and International Business,Nanyang Technological University,,Singapore,639798,Singapore
4.University of Macau,Faculty of Business Administration,,Macao
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Koo,Tay T.R.,Lim,Christine,Dobruszkes,Frédéric. Causality in direct air services and tourism demand[J]. Annals of Tourism Research,2017,67:67-77.
APA Koo,Tay T.R.,Lim,Christine,&Dobruszkes,Frédéric.(2017).Causality in direct air services and tourism demand.Annals of Tourism Research,67,67-77.
MLA Koo,Tay T.R.,et al."Causality in direct air services and tourism demand".Annals of Tourism Research 67(2017):67-77.
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