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China's "New" Diplomacy, Foreign Policy, and Defense Strategy
You Ji
Source PublicationChina’s “New” Diplomacy
Author of SourcePauline KerrStuart HarrisYaqing Qin
Publication PlaceNew York
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Other Abstract

In 1874 the Qing Imperial Court initiated a debate on the nation’s diplomatic and defense strategy. The central question was whether to prioritize on coastal defense in order to resist foreign naval invasion, Jiangfang, or on land-border defense to recover Xinjiang, Saifang.1Although the coastal defense was not weakened, the Qing Court had raised the stake of land-border defense for a period of time in which the military received enough resources to recover Xinjiang. In realizing this adjustment of national defense priority, Beijing initiated intense diplomatic maneuvering: adopting a “passive foreign policy” toward oceanic powers to avoid confrontation, largely through making further concessions. In the meantime, tough diplomacy was taken against the penetration of continental powers along land borders. This was backed by military plans.

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Document TypeBook chapter
AffiliationDepartment of Government and Public Administration, University of Macau,
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
You Ji. China's "New" Diplomacy, Foreign Policy, and Defense Strategy. New York:Palgrave Macmillan,2008:77-106.
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