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A longitudinal investigation of changes to social resources associated with psychological distress among Kurdish torture survivors living in Northern Iraq
Hall,Brian J.; Bonanno,George A.; Bolton,Paul A.; Bass,Judith K.
2014-08-01
Source PublicationJournal of traumatic stress
ISSN15736598
Volume27Issue:4Pages:446-453
Abstract

Social resources can buffer against psychological distress following potentially traumatic events. Psychological distress can also lead to social resource deterioration. This longitudinal study evaluated whether baseline psychological distress symptoms and changes in these symptoms were associated with changes in social resources 5 months later among 96 adult male (52.6%) and female treatment-seeking torture survivors residing in Kurdistan, Iraq. Adapted versions of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25, Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, and a traumatic grief measure were used. Locally derived scales measured perceived social support, social integration, and frequency of social contact. Multinomial logistic regression models assessed the association between symptoms and loss or gain in social resources. We hypothesized that higher mental health symptoms would relate to decreased social resources. Higher baseline depression (adjusted conditional odds ratio [ACOR] = 1.14), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; ACOR = 1.09), and traumatic grief symptoms (ACOR = 1.14) increased the odds of loss of social integration. For some, higher traumatic grief symptoms were associated with increased social integration (ACOR = 1.17). Increased anxiety (ACOR = 1.23) and PTSD symptoms (ACOR = 1.07) was associated with declines in social contact; decreased depression (ACOR = 1.06) and PTSD symptoms (ACOR = 1.04) were related to gaining social contact. This study highlights the complex relationship between mental health symptoms and losses and gains in social resources among torture survivors.

DOI10.1002/jts.21930
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychology ; Psychiatry
WOS SubjectPsychology, Clinical ; Psychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000341198000009
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被引频次[WOS]:21   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
Document TypeJournal article
专题DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
AffiliationDepartment of Psychology,University of Macau,Macau (SAR),People's Republic of China; Department of Mental Health,Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health,,Baltimore,United States
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
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Hall,Brian J.,Bonanno,George A.,Bolton,Paul A.,et al. A longitudinal investigation of changes to social resources associated with psychological distress among Kurdish torture survivors living in Northern Iraq[J]. Journal of traumatic stress,2014,27(4):446-453.
APA Hall,Brian J.,Bonanno,George A.,Bolton,Paul A.,&Bass,Judith K..(2014).A longitudinal investigation of changes to social resources associated with psychological distress among Kurdish torture survivors living in Northern Iraq.Journal of traumatic stress,27(4),446-453.
MLA Hall,Brian J.,et al."A longitudinal investigation of changes to social resources associated with psychological distress among Kurdish torture survivors living in Northern Iraq".Journal of traumatic stress 27.4(2014):446-453.
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