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An evaluation of a low intensity mHealth enhanced mindfulness intervention for Chinese university students: A randomized controlled trial
Hall,Brian J.1,2; Xiong,Peng1; Guo,Xinqi1; Sou,Elvo Kuai Long3; Chou,Un I.1; Shen,Zhuozhuo1
2018-12-01
Source PublicationPsychiatry Research
ISSN18727123 01651781
Volume270Pages:394-403
Abstract

Mental disorders and sleep dysfunction are common among Chinese university students. This study aimed to evaluate a low cost scalable mindfulness intervention program to improve psychological health and sleep quality among Chinese university students. A randomized controlled trial with 101 university students (mean age 22.30 ± 2.63, 69.31% female) was conducted. Participants were randomized into 4 groups: Group 1: control group (n = 25), Group 2: mindfulness only group (n = 27), Group 3: mindfulness + plain-text reminder group (n = 24), and Group 4: mindfulness + enhanced text reminder with animal meme group (n = 25).The mindfulness intervention consisted of two in-person guided sessions along with weekly self-guided practice for 7 weeks. The Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) and The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were used to measure depression, anxiety, stress, and sleep dysfunction. After the intervention at week 4, compared to controls, completers in group 2, 3 and 4 (n = 42) showed significantly reduced depression (Cohen's d = 0.83), anxiety (Cohen's d = 0.84), and stress (Cohen's d = 0.75), and improved subjective sleep quality (Cohen's d = 2.00), sleep latency (Cohen's d = 0.55), and habitual sleep efficiency (Cohen's d = 0.86). The effect was maintained at week 7. Low-intensity mindfulness interventions might be a useful intervention program in university settings.

KeywordAnxiety Depression Mhealth Mindfulness Sleep Stress Students
DOI10.1016/j.psychres.2018.09.060
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI ; SSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychiatry
WOS SubjectPsychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000454972600056
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Cited Times [WOS]:7   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Social Sciences
Corresponding AuthorHall,Brian J.
Affiliation1.Global and Community Mental Health Research Group,Department of Psychology,The University of Macau,,Taipa,Macao
2.Department of Health,Behavior and Society,Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health,,Baltimore,United States
3.Student Counselling Section,Student Affairs Office,The University of Macau,,Macao
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hall,Brian J.,Xiong,Peng,Guo,Xinqi,et al. An evaluation of a low intensity mHealth enhanced mindfulness intervention for Chinese university students: A randomized controlled trial[J]. Psychiatry Research,2018,270:394-403.
APA Hall,Brian J.,Xiong,Peng,Guo,Xinqi,Sou,Elvo Kuai Long,Chou,Un I.,&Shen,Zhuozhuo.(2018).An evaluation of a low intensity mHealth enhanced mindfulness intervention for Chinese university students: A randomized controlled trial.Psychiatry Research,270,394-403.
MLA Hall,Brian J.,et al."An evaluation of a low intensity mHealth enhanced mindfulness intervention for Chinese university students: A randomized controlled trial".Psychiatry Research 270(2018):394-403.
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