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Effects of Higher Versus Lower Threat Contexts on Pain-Related Visual Attention Biases: An Eye-Tracking Study of Chronic Pain
Jackson,Todd1,2; Su,Lin1; Wang,Yang1
2018-06-01
Source PublicationJournal of Pain
ISSN15288447 15265900
Volume19Issue:6Pages:649-659
AbstractIn this research, we examined effects of higher versus lower threat contexts on attention biases in more and less pain-fearful chronic pain subgroups via eye-tracking methodology. Within a mixed chronic pain sample (69 women, 29 men), biases in orienting and maintenance of visual attention were assessed during the standardized image pair presentation phase (2,000 ms) of a modified visual dot probe task featuring painful-neutral (P-N) image pairs (lower threat context) and a parallel task in which these P-N pairs cued potential pain (higher threat context). Across both tasks, participants more often oriented toward, gazed longer at, and made more unique fixations upon pain images during P-N pair presentations. Although trait-based fear of pain was not related to any gaze bias index in either task, between task analyses indicated the sample reported more state fear, directed their initial gaze less often, and displayed longer overall gaze durations toward pain images in the higher threat context in which P-N trials signaled potential pain. Results supported the threat interpretation model premise that persons with chronic pain have difficulty disengaging from moderately threatening visual painful cues. Perspective: Through integrating dot-probe and impending pain task paradigms, we assessed effects of lower versus higher threat contexts on visual attention biases of persons with chronic pain via eye tracking. Under higher threat conditions featuring possible pain, state fear levels were elevated and maintenance of attention on painful depictions was more prolonged.
KeywordAttention chronic pain dot-probe task eye tracking impending pain task threat
DOI10.1016/j.jpain.2018.01.011
URLView the original
Language英语
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被引频次[WOS]:2   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
Document TypeJournal article
专题University of Macau
Corresponding AuthorJackson,Todd
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality,Southwest University,,Chongqing,China
2.Department of Psychology,University of Macau,,Macau,Macao
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
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Jackson,Todd,Su,Lin,Wang,Yang. Effects of Higher Versus Lower Threat Contexts on Pain-Related Visual Attention Biases: An Eye-Tracking Study of Chronic Pain[J]. Journal of Pain,2018,19(6):649-659.
APA Jackson,Todd,Su,Lin,&Wang,Yang.(2018).Effects of Higher Versus Lower Threat Contexts on Pain-Related Visual Attention Biases: An Eye-Tracking Study of Chronic Pain.Journal of Pain,19(6),649-659.
MLA Jackson,Todd,et al."Effects of Higher Versus Lower Threat Contexts on Pain-Related Visual Attention Biases: An Eye-Tracking Study of Chronic Pain".Journal of Pain 19.6(2018):649-659.
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