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Contrasting Lay Theories of Polyculturalism and Multiculturalism: Associations With Essentialist Beliefs of Race in Six Asian Cultural Groups
Bernardo,Allan B.I.1; Salanga,Maria Guadalupe C.2; Tjipto,Susana3; Hutapea,Bonar4; Yeung,Susanna S.5; Khan,Aqeel6
2016-07-01
Source PublicationCross-Cultural Research
ISSN15523578 10693971
Volume50Issue:3Pages:231-250
Abstract

Multiculturalism and polyculturalism are two lay theories of culture that have been associated with some similar intergroup attitudes and behaviors. But other than the studies of Rosenthal and Levy in the United States, there have been no studies that directly distinguish between these two lay theories. In this study, we use confirmatory factor analysis procedures to show that multiculturalism and polyculturalism represent two distinct latent constructs among our 1,730 participants in six Asian cultural groups (China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Macau, Malaysia, the Philippines). Moreover, we show that essentializing race is associated with endorsement of multiculturalism (but not polyculturalism) in five cultural groups (except Hong Kong). The results provide strong cross-cultural empirical evidence for the distinction between the two lay theories and, more importantly, point to aspects of the lay theory of multiculturalism that relate to why it is sometimes associated with stronger stereotyping and prejudice toward minority cultural groups.

KeywordEssentialism Genetic Lay Theory Of Race Lay Theories Of Culture Multiculturalism Polyculturalism
DOI10.1177/1069397116641895
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaSocial Sciences - Other Topics
WOS SubjectSocial Sciences, Interdisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000382994200002
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Cited Times [WOS]:11   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Corresponding AuthorBernardo,Allan B.I.
Affiliation1.University of Macau,,Macao
2.De La Salle University,,Manila,Philippines
3.Sanata Dharma University,,Yogyakarta,Indonesia
4.Universitas Tarumanagara,,Jakarta,Indonesia
5.The Hong Kong Institute of Education,,Hong Kong
6.Universiti Teknologi Malaysia,,Johor Bahru,Malaysia
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Bernardo,Allan B.I.,Salanga,Maria Guadalupe C.,Tjipto,Susana,et al. Contrasting Lay Theories of Polyculturalism and Multiculturalism: Associations With Essentialist Beliefs of Race in Six Asian Cultural Groups[J]. Cross-Cultural Research,2016,50(3):231-250.
APA Bernardo,Allan B.I.,Salanga,Maria Guadalupe C.,Tjipto,Susana,Hutapea,Bonar,Yeung,Susanna S.,&Khan,Aqeel.(2016).Contrasting Lay Theories of Polyculturalism and Multiculturalism: Associations With Essentialist Beliefs of Race in Six Asian Cultural Groups.Cross-Cultural Research,50(3),231-250.
MLA Bernardo,Allan B.I.,et al."Contrasting Lay Theories of Polyculturalism and Multiculturalism: Associations With Essentialist Beliefs of Race in Six Asian Cultural Groups".Cross-Cultural Research 50.3(2016):231-250.
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