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Cognitive flexibility and cultural intelligence: Exploring the cognitive aspects of effective functioning in culturally diverse contexts
Bernardo,Allan B.I.1; Presbitero,Alfred2
2018-09-01
Source PublicationInternational Journal of Intercultural Relations
ISSN01471767
Volume66Pages:12-21
Abstract

Cultural intelligence or CQ is an important construct that is associated with effective functioning in culturally diverse contexts. More recently, research has attempted to identify factors that might relate to the strengthening or development of CQ. In this study, we examine cognitive flexibility as a possible psychological process that relates to CQ. In two studies, participants (total N = 694) completed different self-report measures of cognitive flexibility, need for cognitive closure, and a CQ scale. In study 1, CQ was associated with the subscale of cognitive flexibility which is related to tendency to consider multiple perspectives and generate multiple approaches to problem solving (R =.24). In study 2, CQ was related to the executive function of shifting (R =.04). The different effect sizes suggest that CQ might be more reflective of the cognitive preferences and tendencies that flexibly integrate various specific cognitive functions, instead of fundamental executive functions. The results add to the emerging literature on factors that might be associated with the development of CQ, and point to possible entry points for developing or training CQ in individuals.

KeywordCognitive Flexibility Cultural Intelligence Executive Functions
DOI10.1016/j.ijintrel.2018.06.001
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychology ; Social Sciences - Other Topics ; Sociology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Social ; Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary ; Sociology
WOS IDWOS:000445991500002
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Cited Times [WOS]:4   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Corresponding AuthorBernardo,Allan B.I.
Affiliation1.University of Macau,,Macao
2.Deakin University,,Australia
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Bernardo,Allan B.I.,Presbitero,Alfred. Cognitive flexibility and cultural intelligence: Exploring the cognitive aspects of effective functioning in culturally diverse contexts[J]. International Journal of Intercultural Relations,2018,66:12-21.
APA Bernardo,Allan B.I.,&Presbitero,Alfred.(2018).Cognitive flexibility and cultural intelligence: Exploring the cognitive aspects of effective functioning in culturally diverse contexts.International Journal of Intercultural Relations,66,12-21.
MLA Bernardo,Allan B.I.,et al."Cognitive flexibility and cultural intelligence: Exploring the cognitive aspects of effective functioning in culturally diverse contexts".International Journal of Intercultural Relations 66(2018):12-21.
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