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Working for a better future: Social mobility beliefs and expectations of Filipino migrant workers in Macau
Bernardo,Allan B.I.1; Clemente,Jose Antonio R.1,2; Wang,Tulips Yiwen1
2018-12-01
Source PublicationAustralian Journal of Psychology
ISSN17429536 00049530
Volume70Issue:4Pages:350-360
Abstract

Objective: Household theory of labour migration assumes that the decision to work in another country is a family's strategy to improve prospects of socio-economic mobility. We inquired into the social cognitive processes associated with this goal by applying model of pathways to socio-economic mobility, but extending the types of causal conceptions related to social mobility that are considered important in the Philippine context. Method: We surveyed 246 Filipino migrant workers in Macau, who answered questions about perceptions of the socio-economic status of their family (before they worked abroad, presently, and 10 years after), socio-economic mobility causal conceptions (merit, luck, faith in God, social networks), and goal-attainment strategies (goal engagement, goal disengagement). Results: Migrant workers expect improved socio-economic status of their families compared to before, and they expect further improvement after 10 years. They endorsed faith in God and meritocracy as important causal factors to mobility. Path analysis indicated two pathways to socio-economic mobility expectations: (1) engagement-promoting pathway—involving faith in God and meritocracy as causal conceptions related to goal engagement, and higher socio-economic mobility expectations and (2) disengagement-promoting pathway—involving luck as causal conception related to goal disengagement, and lower socio-economic mobility expectations. Conclusion: Although working abroad is fraught with uncertainties, Filipino migrant workers aspire for upward socio-economic mobility for their families, which they seek to attain by working hard and persistence, which in turn relate to causal conceptions of mobility that involve controllable factors.

KeywordCausal Conceptions Goal-attainment Strategies Migrant Workers Socio-economic Mobility Subjective Social Class
DOI10.1111/ajpy.12209
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000449648400005
Fulltext Access
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Cited Times [WOS]:2   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Corresponding AuthorBernardo,Allan B.I.
Affiliation1.Department of Psychology,University of Macau,,Taipa,Macao
2.University of the Philippines Diliman,,Quezon City,Philippines
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Bernardo,Allan B.I.,Clemente,Jose Antonio R.,Wang,Tulips Yiwen. Working for a better future: Social mobility beliefs and expectations of Filipino migrant workers in Macau[J]. Australian Journal of Psychology,2018,70(4):350-360.
APA Bernardo,Allan B.I.,Clemente,Jose Antonio R.,&Wang,Tulips Yiwen.(2018).Working for a better future: Social mobility beliefs and expectations of Filipino migrant workers in Macau.Australian Journal of Psychology,70(4),350-360.
MLA Bernardo,Allan B.I.,et al."Working for a better future: Social mobility beliefs and expectations of Filipino migrant workers in Macau".Australian Journal of Psychology 70.4(2018):350-360.
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