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Maslow and the motivation hierarchy: Measuring satisfaction of the needs
Robert J. Taormina1; Jennifer H. Gao2
2013-06
Source PublicationAmerican Journal of Psychology
ISSN0002-9556
Volume126Issue:2Pages:155-177
Abstract

For each of the 5 needs in Maslow's motivational hierarchy (physiological, safety-security, belongingness, esteem, and self-actualization), operational definitions were developed from Maslow's theory of motivation. New measures were created based on the operational definitions (1) to assess the satisfaction of each need, (2) to assess their expected correlations (a) with each of the other needs and (b) with four social and personality measures (i.e., family support, traditional values, anxiety/worry, and life satisfaction), and (3) to test the ability of the satisfaction level of each need to statistically predict the satisfaction level of the next higher-level need. Psychometric tests of the scales conducted on questionnaire results from 386 adult respondents from the general population lent strong support for the validity and reliability of all 5 needs measures. Significant positive correlations among the scales were also found; that is, the more each lower-level need was satisfied, the more the next higher-level need was satisfied. Additionally, as predicted, family support, traditional values, and life satisfaction had significant positive correlations with the satisfaction of all 5 needs, and the anxiety/worry facet of neuroticism had significant negative correlations with the satisfaction of all the needs. Multiple regression analyses revealed that the satisfaction of each higher-level need was statistically predicted by the satisfaction of the need immediately below it in the hierarchy, as expected from Maslow's theory.

DOI10.5406/amerjpsyc.126.2.0155
URLView the original
Language英语
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Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Affiliation1.University of Macau, Macao
2.Macao Polytechnic Institute, Macao
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Robert J. Taormina,Jennifer H. Gao. Maslow and the motivation hierarchy: Measuring satisfaction of the needs[J]. American Journal of Psychology,2013,126(2):155-177.
APA Robert J. Taormina,&Jennifer H. Gao.(2013).Maslow and the motivation hierarchy: Measuring satisfaction of the needs.American Journal of Psychology,126(2),155-177.
MLA Robert J. Taormina,et al."Maslow and the motivation hierarchy: Measuring satisfaction of the needs".American Journal of Psychology 126.2(2013):155-177.
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