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Child maltreatment and adult depressive symptoms: Roles of self-compassion and gratitude
Wu,Qinglu1; Chi,Peilian2; Lin,Xiuyun3; Du,Hongfei4
2019-06-19
Source PublicationChild Abuse and Neglect
ISSN18737757 01452134
Volume80Pages:62-69
Abstract

Child maltreatment, including abuse (physical, emotional, and sexual) and neglect (physical and emotional), is positively associated with depressive symptoms in adulthood. However, most studies have been conducted within a psychopathological framework and focused on underlying dysfunctional processes (e.g., insecure attachment styles, maladaptive schemas, and negative attribution styles). Protective factors that affect the relationship between child maltreatment and adult depressive symptoms are underexplored. Guided by emotion regulation theory and the perspective of positive psychology, we examined the roles of self-compassion and gratitude as protective factors in the relationship between child maltreatment and adult depressive symptoms in a sample of 358 college students. Results showed that psychological maltreatment (emotional abuse and emotional neglect) was associated with adult depressive symptoms through decreased self-compassion. Neglect (emotional neglect and physical neglect) and sexual abuse were associated with adult depressive symptoms through decreased gratitude. There was no association between physical abuse and depressive symptoms through either self-compassion or gratitude. Our findings suggest that clinical practices focusing on self-compassion and gratitude might help prevent the development of adult depressive symptoms among clients with a history of maltreatment in childhood.

KeywordAdult Depressive Symptoms Child Maltreatment Chinese Adults Gratitude Self-compassion
DOI10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.03.013
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaFamily Studies ; Social Work ; Psychology
WOS SubjectFamily Studies ; Psychology, Social ; Social Work
WOS IDWOS:000433398000006
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Cited Times [WOS]:16   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Corresponding AuthorChi,Peilian
Affiliation1.Department of Social Work and Social AdministrationFaculty of Social SciencesThe University of Hong Kong,Hong Kong
2.Department of PsychologyFaculty of SocialSciencesUniversity of Macau,Macau,Macao
3.Institute of Developmental PsychologySchool of PsychologyBeijing Normal University,Beijing,China
4.Department of PsychologyGuangzhou University,Guangzhou,China
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Social Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wu,Qinglu,Chi,Peilian,Lin,Xiuyun,et al. Child maltreatment and adult depressive symptoms: Roles of self-compassion and gratitude[J]. Child Abuse and Neglect,2019,80:62-69.
APA Wu,Qinglu,Chi,Peilian,Lin,Xiuyun,&Du,Hongfei.(2019).Child maltreatment and adult depressive symptoms: Roles of self-compassion and gratitude.Child Abuse and Neglect,80,62-69.
MLA Wu,Qinglu,et al."Child maltreatment and adult depressive symptoms: Roles of self-compassion and gratitude".Child Abuse and Neglect 80(2019):62-69.
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