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High HIV prevalence predicts less HIV stigma: a cross-national investigation
Du,Hongfei1; Chi,Peilian2; Li,Xiaoming3
2019-04-23
Source PublicationAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
ISSN13600451 09540121
Volume30Issue:6Pages:714-721
Abstract

Despite substantial global efforts to reduce HIV-related stigma, stigma and discrimination remain widespread and are among the most poorly understood aspects of the epidemic. However, there has been little research on whether HIV stigma in a country is associated with HIV prevalence. This article offers a socioecological perspective for understanding HIV stigma in a context of HIV prevalence. Using two international data sets (the UNAIDS 2009 HIV Epidemiological Report and the World Values Survey), we investigated whether and how HIV prevalence is associated with individual- and country-level HIV stigma. Results showed that in countries with higher HIV prevalence, people reported less HIV stigma (Studies 1 & 2). HIV knowledge mediated the relationship between HIV prevalence and stigma (Study 2). People in countries with higher HIV prevalence reported more knowledge about HIV transmission, which reduced their stigmatizing attitudes. These findings suggest that stigma-reduction programs should incorporate a socioecological perspective and consider the roles of prevalence rate of and knowledge of the disease.

KeywordAids Spending Hiv Knowledge Hiv Prevalence Hiv Stigma
DOI10.1080/09540121.2017.1401039
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaRespiratory System ; Health Policy & Services ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health ; Psychology, Multidisciplinary ; Social Sciences, Biomedical
WOS SubjectHealth Policy & Services ; Public, Environmental & Occupational Health ; Psychology, Multidisciplinary ; Respiratory System ; Social Sciences, Biomedical
WOS IDWOS:000430041500006
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Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Corresponding AuthorChi,Peilian
Affiliation1.Department of PsychologyGuangzhou University,Guangzhou,China
2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Macau,Macao
3.South Carolina SmartState Center for Healthcare QualityUniversity of South Carolina Arnold School of Public Health,Colombia,United States
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Du,Hongfei,Chi,Peilian,Li,Xiaoming. High HIV prevalence predicts less HIV stigma: a cross-national investigation[J]. AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV,2019,30(6):714-721.
APA Du,Hongfei,Chi,Peilian,&Li,Xiaoming.(2019).High HIV prevalence predicts less HIV stigma: a cross-national investigation.AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV,30(6),714-721.
MLA Du,Hongfei,et al."High HIV prevalence predicts less HIV stigma: a cross-national investigation".AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV 30.6(2019):714-721.
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