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Roles of Anger and Rumination in the Relationship Between Self-Compassion and Forgiveness
Wu,Qinglu1; Chi,Peilian2; Zeng,Xianglong3; Lin,Xiuyun4; Du,Hongfei5,6
Source PublicationMindfulness
ISSN18688535 18688527

Self-compassion can improve mental health and enable individuals to develop aspects of prosocial motivation such as forgiveness. Self-compassion is associated with forgiveness; however, cognitive and emotional mechanisms underlying this association remain underexplored. Based on Worthington’s stress-and-coping theory of forgiveness, we examined the roles of rumination and anger—two typical psychological responses to interpersonal transgressions—in the relationship between self-compassion and forgiveness. By analyzing a sample of 358 Chinese college students (132 male students, mean age = 19.18 years), we determined that self-compassion and forgiveness were negatively associated with anger and rumination. Structural equation modeling results revealed that self-compassion was associated with forgiveness directly and indirectly through decreased anger and rumination. Furthermore, rumination was associated with forgiveness indirectly through anger. These findings indicate that anger is a proximal predictor of forgiveness. The results of the present study suggest that increasing self-compassion, reducing rumination, and alleviating anger are substantial and interventive processes for cultivating forgiveness.

KeywordAnger Forgiveness Rumination Self-compassion
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
WOS Research AreaPsychology ; Psychiatry
WOS SubjectPsychology, Clinical ; Psychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000456795100006
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Cited Times [WOS]:3   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
Corresponding AuthorChi,Peilian
Affiliation1.Department of Social Work and Social AdministrationFaculty of Social SciencesThe University of Hong Kong,999077,Hong Kong
2.Department of PsychologyFaculty of Social SciencesUniversity of Macau,999078,China
3.School of PsychologyBeijing Normal University,Beijing,China
4.Institute of Developmental PsychologySchool of PsychologyBeijing Normal University,Beijing,China
5.Department of PsychologyGuangzhou University,Guangzhou,China
6.Social and Health Psychology Research CenterGuangzhou University,Guangzhou,China
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Social Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationFaculty of Social Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wu,Qinglu,Chi,Peilian,Zeng,Xianglong,et al. Roles of Anger and Rumination in the Relationship Between Self-Compassion and Forgiveness[J]. Mindfulness,2019,10(2):272-278.
APA Wu,Qinglu,Chi,Peilian,Zeng,Xianglong,Lin,Xiuyun,&Du,Hongfei.(2019).Roles of Anger and Rumination in the Relationship Between Self-Compassion and Forgiveness.Mindfulness,10(2),272-278.
MLA Wu,Qinglu,et al."Roles of Anger and Rumination in the Relationship Between Self-Compassion and Forgiveness".Mindfulness 10.2(2019):272-278.
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