UM  > 社會科學學院  > 心理學系
Loneliness and Self-Esteem in Children and Adolescents Affected by Parental HIV: A 3-Year Longitudinal Study
Du,Hongfei1; Li,Xiaoming2; Chi,Peilian3; Zhao,Shenran4; Zhao,Junfeng4
2019-03-08
Source PublicationApplied Psychology: Health and Well-Being
ISSN17580854 17580846
Volume11Issue:1Pages:3-19
Abstract

Background: Sociometer theory posits that self-esteem is a subjective monitor of the quality of one's interpersonal relationships. When people feel excluded by others, they may have negative relational evaluation about themselves—low self-esteem. In the present study, we hypothesised and tested that feelings of loneliness among children and adolescents affected by parental HIV would decrease their self-esteem over time; moreover, low self-esteem would intensify feelings of loneliness. Methods: We utilised longitudinal data from a sample of children and adolescents affected by parental HIV to estimate the reciprocal effects between self-esteem and loneliness over time. The sample included 195 children and early adolescents affected by parental HIV (age range 7–15, M = 10.62, 82 females) who served as a control group in a large intervention study on psychological well-being. Seven waves of longitudinal panel data were collected from participants in three years. Results: In cross-lagged panel models that tested the reciprocal effects of loneliness and self-esteem, loneliness predicted decreased levels of self-esteem over time; in addition, low self-esteem predicted increased levels of loneliness over time. Conclusions: These findings support sociometer theory and suggest that loneliness is a risk factor for children's and adolescents’ self-esteem. The implications for improving vulnerable children's and adolescents’ psychological well-being are discussed.

KeywordAdolescents Children Hiv Loneliness Self-esteem Sociometer Theory
DOI10.1111/aphw.12139
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Applied
WOS IDWOS:000460182600001
Fulltext Access
Citation statistics
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Corresponding AuthorDu,Hongfei
Affiliation1.Guangzhou University,China
2.University of South Carolina,United States
3.University of Macau,Macao
4.Henan University,China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Du,Hongfei,Li,Xiaoming,Chi,Peilian,et al. Loneliness and Self-Esteem in Children and Adolescents Affected by Parental HIV: A 3-Year Longitudinal Study[J]. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being,2019,11(1):3-19.
APA Du,Hongfei,Li,Xiaoming,Chi,Peilian,Zhao,Shenran,&Zhao,Junfeng.(2019).Loneliness and Self-Esteem in Children and Adolescents Affected by Parental HIV: A 3-Year Longitudinal Study.Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being,11(1),3-19.
MLA Du,Hongfei,et al."Loneliness and Self-Esteem in Children and Adolescents Affected by Parental HIV: A 3-Year Longitudinal Study".Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being 11.1(2019):3-19.
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Du,Hongfei]'s Articles
[Li,Xiaoming]'s Articles
[Chi,Peilian]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Du,Hongfei]'s Articles
[Li,Xiaoming]'s Articles
[Chi,Peilian]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Du,Hongfei]'s Articles
[Li,Xiaoming]'s Articles
[Chi,Peilian]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.