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Income inequality is detrimental to long-term well-being: A large-scale longitudinal investigation in China
Du,Hongfei1,2; King,Ronnel B.3; Chi,Peilian4
2019-05-25
Source PublicationSocial Science and Medicine
ABS Journal Level4
ISSN18735347 02779536
Volume232Pages:120-128
AbstractBackground: Much of the research on the detrimental effects of inequality on well-being is based on cross-sectional surveys, which may have over- or under-estimated the relationship between income inequality and well-being. Moreover, the vast majority of the work comes from Western industrialized contexts but it is not known to what extent the same pattern holds in non-Western developing countries. Objective: The current research aims to address these two issues by investigating the longitudinal effects of income inequality on well-being in China. Method: We used the China Family Panel Studies dataset in 2010–2014. Our study includes a representative sample of 29,331 residents from 20 provinces in China. The participants completed measures of well-being, including subjective well-being and psychological distress. We examined whether provincial-level income inequality in 2010 predicted individual-level well-being in 2014. Results: Multilevel analyses showed that residents in more unequal provinces had lower subjective well-being and greater psychological distress. The patterns still held, after controlling for baseline well-being and a number of covariates, including age, gender, education, income, ethnicity, marital status, and urban/rural residence. The effects of inequality on well-being differed across socioeconomic groups. Conclusion: Findings suggest that income inequality has long-term adverse consequences on well-being in a non-Western developing society. Furthermore, its effects are moderated by financial wealth.
KeywordChinese Inequality Psychological distress Subjective well-being
DOI10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.04.043
URLView the original
Language英语
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Cited Times [WOS]:10   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Corresponding AuthorDu,Hongfei
Affiliation1.Department of PsychologyGuangzhou University,Guangzhou,China
2.Social and Health Psychology Research CenterGuangzhou University,Guangzhou,China
3.Department of Curriculum and InstructionThe Education University of Hong Kong,Hong Kong
4.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Macau,China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Du,Hongfei,King,Ronnel B.,Chi,Peilian. Income inequality is detrimental to long-term well-being: A large-scale longitudinal investigation in China[J]. Social Science and Medicine,2019,232:120-128.
APA Du,Hongfei,King,Ronnel B.,&Chi,Peilian.(2019).Income inequality is detrimental to long-term well-being: A large-scale longitudinal investigation in China.Social Science and Medicine,232,120-128.
MLA Du,Hongfei,et al."Income inequality is detrimental to long-term well-being: A large-scale longitudinal investigation in China".Social Science and Medicine 232(2019):120-128.
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