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Understanding Chinese students’ achievement patterns: Perspectives from social-oriented achievement motivation
Tao,Vivienne Y.K.
2016
Source PublicationThe Psychology of Asian Learners: A Festschrift in Honor of David Watkins
Author of SourceRonnel B. King; Allan B. I. Bernardo
Publication PlaceSingapore
PublisherSpringer, Singapore
Pages621-634
Abstract

Many researchers raised the limitations of the applicability of motivational theories across cultures with the absolutist approach based on the individualistic perspective. This chapter gives a brief review of research adopting the relativist approach which is directed to universalist approach in studying motivational processes among Asian and Chinese students from the social-oriented perspective. Why would Asian Chinese and Chinese students on average show better academic performance but report more negative emotions and test anxiety than other ethnic groups and their Western counterparts? It is argued that the social-oriented achievement motivation (SOAM) model provides a theoretical framework in understandingand explaining the achievement patterns among Chinese students based on the meaning system approach. SOAM endorsement is linked to viewing academic achievement as an obligation to fulfi ll. The SOAM model depicts distinctive patterns of cognition (parental infl uences and achievement goals adoptions), affect (agitated emotions facing setbacks and test anxiety), behaviors (learning approaches and strategies, time and effort in studying), and academic outcomes (actual examination performance) in academic achievement settings among Chinese students (after controlling for individual-oriented achievement motivation, IOAM). The role of the SOAM system in broadening the understanding of basic humanmotivation (need for relatedness and autonomy) and learning motivation (intrinsic and extrinsic motivation) isalso addressed and discussed.

DOI10.1007/978-981-287-576-1_38
URLView the original
Language英语
ISBN9789812875761;9789812875754;
Fulltext Access
Citation statistics
Document TypeBook chapter
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
AffiliationDepartment of PsychologyUniversity of Macau,Macau SAR,Macao
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Tao,Vivienne Y.K.. Understanding Chinese students’ achievement patterns: Perspectives from social-oriented achievement motivation. Singapore:Springer, Singapore,2016:621-634.
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