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The Importance of Establishing Reliability and Validity of Assessment Instruments for Mental Health Problems: An Example from Somali Children and Adolescents Living in Three Refugee Camps in Ethiopia
Hall,Brian J.1,2; Puffer,Eve3; Murray,Laura K.1; Ismael,Abdulkadir4,5; Bass,Judith K.1; Sim,Amanda4; Bolton,Paul A.1,6
2019-06-19
Source PublicationPsychological Injury and Law
ISSN19389728 1938971X
Volume7Issue:2Pages:153-164
Abstract

Assessing mental health problems cross-culturally for children exposed to war and violence presents a number of unique challenges. One of the most important issues is the lack of validated symptom measures to assess these problems. The present study sought to evaluate the psychometric properties of two measures to assess mental health problems: the Achenbach Youth Self-Report and the Child Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Scale. We conducted a validity study in three refugee camps in Eastern Ethiopia in the outskirts of Jijiga, the capital of the Somali region. A total of 147 child and caregiver pairs were assessed, and scores obtained were submitted to rigorous psychometric evaluation. Excellent internal consistency reliability was obtained for symptom measures for children and their caregivers. Validation of study instruments based on local case definitions was obtained for the caregivers but not consistently for the children. Sensitivity and specificity of study measures were generally low, indicating that these scales would not perform adequately as screening instruments. Combined test-retest and inter-rater reliability was low for all scales. This study illustrates the need for validation and testing of existing measures cross-culturally. Methodological implications for future cross-cultural research studies in low- and middle-income countries are discussed. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

KeywordAdolescents Assessment Children Ptsd Refugees Reliability Validity
DOI10.1007/s12207-014-9188-9
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
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Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Affiliation1.Department of Mental HealthJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health,United States
2.Department of PsychologyThe University of Macau,Macao
3.Department of Psychology and NeuroscienceGlobal Health InstituteDuke University,United States
4.International Rescue Committee,United States
5.Addis Continental Institute of Public Health,Ethiopia
6.Department of International HealthJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health,United States
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hall,Brian J.,Puffer,Eve,Murray,Laura K.,et al. The Importance of Establishing Reliability and Validity of Assessment Instruments for Mental Health Problems: An Example from Somali Children and Adolescents Living in Three Refugee Camps in Ethiopia[J]. Psychological Injury and Law,2019,7(2):153-164.
APA Hall,Brian J..,Puffer,Eve.,Murray,Laura K..,Ismael,Abdulkadir.,Bass,Judith K..,...&Bolton,Paul A..(2019).The Importance of Establishing Reliability and Validity of Assessment Instruments for Mental Health Problems: An Example from Somali Children and Adolescents Living in Three Refugee Camps in Ethiopia.Psychological Injury and Law,7(2),153-164.
MLA Hall,Brian J.,et al."The Importance of Establishing Reliability and Validity of Assessment Instruments for Mental Health Problems: An Example from Somali Children and Adolescents Living in Three Refugee Camps in Ethiopia".Psychological Injury and Law 7.2(2019):153-164.
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