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Non-social features of smartphone use are most related to depression, anxiety and problematic smartphone use
Elhai,Jon D.1,2; Levine,Jason C.1,2; Dvorak,Robert D.3; Hall,Brian J.4,5
2019-06-19
Source PublicationComputers in Human Behavior
ISSN07475632
Volume69Pages:75-82
Abstract

Little is known about the mechanisms of smartphone features that are used in sealing relationships between psychopathology and problematic smartphone use. Our purpose was to investigate two specific smartphone usage types – process use and social use – for associations with depression and anxiety; and in accounting for relationships between anxiety/depression and problematic smartphone use. Social smartphone usage involves social feature engagement (e.g., social networking, messaging), while process usage involves non-social feature engagement (e.g., news consumption, entertainment, relaxation). 308 participants from Amazon's Mechanical Turk internet labor market answered questionnaires about their depression and anxiety symptoms, and problematic smartphone use along with process and social smartphone use dimensions. Statistically adjusting for age and sex, we discovered the association between anxiety symptoms was stronger with process versus social smartphone use. Depression symptom severity was negatively associated with greater social smartphone use. Process smartphone use was more strongly associated with problematic smartphone use. Finally, process smartphone use accounted for relationships between anxiety severity and problematic smartphone use.

KeywordAddictions Anxiety Depression Information Technology Internet Addiction Mobile Phones
DOI10.1016/j.chb.2016.12.023
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000394062900008
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Citation statistics
Cited Times [WOS]:36   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Corresponding AuthorHall,Brian J.
Affiliation1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Toledo,Toledo,43606,United States
2.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Toledo,Toledo,43614,United States
3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Central Florida,Orlando,32816,United States
4.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Macau,Taipa,Macao
5.Department of HealthBehavior and SocietyJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health,Baltimore,21205,United States
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Elhai,Jon D.,Levine,Jason C.,Dvorak,Robert D.,et al. Non-social features of smartphone use are most related to depression, anxiety and problematic smartphone use[J]. Computers in Human Behavior,2019,69:75-82.
APA Elhai,Jon D.,Levine,Jason C.,Dvorak,Robert D.,&Hall,Brian J..(2019).Non-social features of smartphone use are most related to depression, anxiety and problematic smartphone use.Computers in Human Behavior,69,75-82.
MLA Elhai,Jon D.,et al."Non-social features of smartphone use are most related to depression, anxiety and problematic smartphone use".Computers in Human Behavior 69(2019):75-82.
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