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Fear of missing out: Testing relationships with negative affectivity, online social engagement, and problematic smartphone use
Elhai,Jon D.1,2,3; Levine,Jason C.2,3; Alghraibeh,Ahmad M.4; Alafnan,Ali A.4; Aldraiweesh,Ahmad A.5; Hall,Brian J.6,7,8
2018-09-17
Source PublicationComputers in Human Behavior
ISSN07475632
Volume89Pages:289-298
AbstractIn the present study, we empirically examined the “fear of missing out” (FOMO) construct and its association with psychopathology-related and technology use measures. We carried out an internet-based survey with 296 undergraduate participants and administered self-report questionnaires of FOMO, frequency and type of smartphone use, problematic smartphone use (PSU), and scales of negative affectivity including depression, anxiety, stress, proneness to boredom, and rumination. The results demonstrated that FOMO was related to demographic characteristics (age, sex, race, and relationship status) but with small effect sizes. FOMO was related to all measures of negative affectivity, social use of a smartphone, as well as the severity of PSU. Tests of mediation indicated that each negative affectivity construct mediated the relationship between FOMO and PSU severity, and only rumination mediated relations between FOMO and smartphone use frequency. When reversing the predictor and mediating variables, FOMO mediated relations between negative affectivity and PSU severity. Finally, results demonstrated some support for a single-factor latent construct for FOMO, but male and female participants had a different pattern of factor loadings. Negative affectivity may be a key mechanism by which FOMO may drive PSU, but future research should clarify the directionality among these variables. Gender-related social connectedness differences characterize FOMO.
KeywordAnxiety Depression Fear of missing out Rumination Smartphone addiction Social connectedness
DOI10.1016/j.chb.2018.08.020
URLView the original
Language英语
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Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Corresponding AuthorHall,Brian J.
Affiliation1.Academy of Psychology and BehaviorTianjin Normal University,Tianjin,China
2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Toledo,Toledo,United States
3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Toledo,Toledo,United States
4.Department of PsychologyKing Saud University,Riyadh,Saudi Arabia
5.Educational Technology DepartmentKing Saud University,Riyadh,Saudi Arabia
6.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Macau,Taipa,Macao
7.Department of HealthBehavior and SocietyJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health,United States
8.Humanities and Social Sciences Building E21-3040University of Macau,Taipa,Macao
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
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GB/T 7714
Elhai,Jon D.,Levine,Jason C.,Alghraibeh,Ahmad M.,et al. Fear of missing out: Testing relationships with negative affectivity, online social engagement, and problematic smartphone use[J]. Computers in Human Behavior,2018,89:289-298.
APA Elhai,Jon D.,Levine,Jason C.,Alghraibeh,Ahmad M.,Alafnan,Ali A.,Aldraiweesh,Ahmad A.,&Hall,Brian J..(2018).Fear of missing out: Testing relationships with negative affectivity, online social engagement, and problematic smartphone use.Computers in Human Behavior,89,289-298.
MLA Elhai,Jon D.,et al."Fear of missing out: Testing relationships with negative affectivity, online social engagement, and problematic smartphone use".Computers in Human Behavior 89(2018):289-298.
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