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Personality across the ethnic divide in Singapore: Are "Chinese Traits" uniquely Chinese?
Cheung,Shu Fai1; Cheung,Fanny M.2; Howard,Rick3; Lim,Yan Hong4
2006-07-18
Source PublicationPersonality and Individual Differences
ISSN01918869
Volume41Issue:3Pages:467-477
Abstract

In this study, the English version of the Cross-Cultural (Chinese) Personality Assessment Inventory-2 (CPAI-2) was administered to three samples representing the main ethnic groups in Singapore: Chinese (N = 211), Malays (N = 163), and Indians (N = 76), with the aims of (i) replicating the factor structure of the CPAI-2; (ii) comparing the scale scores of the whole Singaporean sample with a Chinese normative sample from China; and (iii) comparing the scores of the three ethnic groups with each other. Factor analysis and Procrustes rotation showed that the four CPAI-2 factors, Social Potency, Dependability, Accommodation, and Interpersonal Relatedness, could generally be recovered. Comparing group level means, some scales (e.g., Diversity, Divergent thinking, Optimism/Pessimism, Meticulousness, Locus of Control, Interpersonal Tolerance) showed commonalities across Singaporeans, in contradistinction to Chinese norm. Some scales, including some supposed to reflect traditional Chinese values, showed differences among the Singaporean ethnic groups, with non-Chinese Singaporeans endorsing Chinese values more than Chinese Singaporeans. Finally, issues for future research are discussed.  

KeywordAsian Cultures Cross-ethnic Comparison Personality Assessment
DOI10.1016/j.paid.2005.12.023
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Social
WOS IDWOS:000239495300007
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Fulltext Access
Citation statistics
Cited Times [WOS]:20   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Affiliation1.Faculty of Social Sciences and HumanitiesUniversity of Macau,Macao
2.Department of PsychologyThe Chinese University of Hong Kong,Hong Kong
3.School of Community Health SciencesUniversity of Nottingham,United Kingdom
4.Police Psychological Services DivisionSingapore Police Force,Singapore
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Social Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cheung,Shu Fai,Cheung,Fanny M.,Howard,Rick,et al. Personality across the ethnic divide in Singapore: Are "Chinese Traits" uniquely Chinese?[J]. Personality and Individual Differences,2006,41(3):467-477.
APA Cheung,Shu Fai,Cheung,Fanny M.,Howard,Rick,&Lim,Yan Hong.(2006).Personality across the ethnic divide in Singapore: Are "Chinese Traits" uniquely Chinese?.Personality and Individual Differences,41(3),467-477.
MLA Cheung,Shu Fai,et al."Personality across the ethnic divide in Singapore: Are "Chinese Traits" uniquely Chinese?".Personality and Individual Differences 41.3(2006):467-477.
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