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Cross-national invariance of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder factors in Japanese and U.S. university students
Davis,J. Mark1; Cheung,Shu Fai1; Takahashi,Tomone2; Shinoda,Haruo3; Lindstrom,William A.4
2011
Source PublicationResearch in Developmental Disabilities
ISSN08914222
Volume32Issue:6Pages:2972-2980
Abstract

Prior research with children generally supports the two-dimensional structure of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD; inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive factors) of the DSM-IV-TR as well as invariance of the two-factor structure across nations and cultures. Research with adults supports either a two-factor or three-factor structure depending on reporting source and breadth of symptoms assessed. However, research with adults is limited and there are few studies addressing cross-national invariance in adults. The purposes of this study were to (1) assess relative fit of two- versus three-factor solutions for self-report of childhood and recent ADHD symptoms in adults; and (2) further establish cross-national invariance of factors. Participants included 271 U.S. and 712 Japanese university students who completed a rating scale assessing the 18 DSM-IV-TR ADHD symptoms. Confirmatory factor analysis using Mplus (Version 6) and the mean and variance-adjusted weighted least squares (WLSMV) procedure showed invariance of two- and three-factor models across U.S. and Japanese samples. The two- and three-factor models showed similar fit indices. Neither a two-factor or three-factor model was clearly superior. The two-factor model was favored, however, because it is more parsimonious and consistent with current theory, and because of high correlations between hyperactive and impulsive factors in the three-factor models. Invariance across nations is consistent with previous studies and supports ADHD as a universally valid syndrome rather than a cultural construct. These results add to the limited knowledge of assessment of ADHD symptoms in Japan. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

KeywordAdhd Attention Cfa Cross-cultural Factor Analysis
DOI10.1016/j.ridd.2011.05.004
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEducation & Educational Research ; Rehabilitation
WOS SubjectDucation, Special ; Rehabilitation
WOS IDWOS:000296304000113
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
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Cited Times [WOS]:3   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Corresponding AuthorDavis,J. Mark
Affiliation1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Macau,Macao
2.Faculty of EducationShinshu University,Japan
3.Faculty of PsychologyRissho University,Japan
4.Regents' Center for Learning DisordersUniversity of Georgia,United States
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Davis,J. Mark,Cheung,Shu Fai,Takahashi,Tomone,et al. Cross-national invariance of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder factors in Japanese and U.S. university students[J]. Research in Developmental Disabilities,2011,32(6):2972-2980.
APA Davis,J. Mark,Cheung,Shu Fai,Takahashi,Tomone,Shinoda,Haruo,&Lindstrom,William A..(2011).Cross-national invariance of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder factors in Japanese and U.S. university students.Research in Developmental Disabilities,32(6),2972-2980.
MLA Davis,J. Mark,et al."Cross-national invariance of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder factors in Japanese and U.S. university students".Research in Developmental Disabilities 32.6(2011):2972-2980.
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