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"Social Jetlag" in morning-type college students living on campus: Implications for physical and psychological well-being
Lau,Esther Yuet Ying1,2; Wong,Mark Lawrence1,2; Ng,Eddie Chi Wai2; Hui,Chi Chiu Harry2; Cheung,Shu Fai3; Mok,Doris Shui Ying3
2013-07-15
Source PublicationChronobiology International
ISSN07420528 15256073
Volume30Issue:7Pages:910-918
AbstractAlthough on-campus residence allows easier access to campus facilities, existing studies showed mixed results regarding the relationship between college residence and students' well-being indicators, such as sleep behaviors and mood. There was also a lack of studies investigating the role of chronotype in the relationship between on-campus residence and well-being. In particular, the temporal relationships among these factors were unclear. Hence, this longitudinal study aims to fill in these gaps by first reporting the well-being (measured in terms of mood, sleep, and quality of life) among students living on and off campus across two academic semesters. We explored factors predicting students' dropout in university residences. Although students living on campus differ in their chronotypes, activities in campus residence (if any) are mostly scheduled in the nighttime. We therefore tested if individual differences in chronotype interact with campus residence in affecting well-being. Our final sample consisted of 215 campus residents and 924 off-campus-living students from 10 different universities or colleges in Hong Kong or Macau. Their mean age was 20.2 years (SD=2.3); 6.5% of the participants are female. Participants completed self-reported questionnaires online on their sleep duration, sleep quality, chronotype, mood, and physical and psychological quality of life. Across two academic semesters, we assessed if students living on and off campus differed in our well-being measures after we partialed out the effects of demographic information (including age, sex, family income, and parents' education) and the well-being measures at baseline (T1). The results showed that, campus residents exhibited longer sleep duration, greater sleep efficiency, better sleep quality, and less feeling of stress than off-campus-living students. From one semester to the next, around 10% of campus residents did not continue to live on campus. Logistic regression showed that a morning type was the strongest factor predicting dropout from campus residence. Chronotype significantly moderated the effects of campus residence on participants' physical and psychological quality of life. Although morning-type off-campus-living students have better well-being than their evening-type peers living off campus, morning-type campus residents had worse well-being than other campus residents and they were more likely to discontinue living on campus after one semester. Our findings bear practical significance to college management that morning-type campus residents are shown to be experiencing deteriorating well-being. The authorities may need to review and revise the room-allocation policy in campus residence in improving the well-being among campus residents. © 2013 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted.
KeywordChronotype College student Dormitory Negative affect Quality of life Residential hall Sleep
DOI10.3109/07420528.2013.789895
URLView the original
Language英语
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Cited Times [WOS]:22   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Affiliation1.Sleep LaboratoryUniversity of Hong Kong,Hong Kong
2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Hong Kong,Hong Kong
3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Macau,Macao
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lau,Esther Yuet Ying,Wong,Mark Lawrence,Ng,Eddie Chi Wai,et al. "Social Jetlag" in morning-type college students living on campus: Implications for physical and psychological well-being[J]. Chronobiology International,2013,30(7):910-918.
APA Lau,Esther Yuet Ying,Wong,Mark Lawrence,Ng,Eddie Chi Wai,Hui,Chi Chiu Harry,Cheung,Shu Fai,&Mok,Doris Shui Ying.(2013)."Social Jetlag" in morning-type college students living on campus: Implications for physical and psychological well-being.Chronobiology International,30(7),910-918.
MLA Lau,Esther Yuet Ying,et al.""Social Jetlag" in morning-type college students living on campus: Implications for physical and psychological well-being".Chronobiology International 30.7(2013):910-918.
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