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Gambling disorder: Estimated prevalence rates and risk factors in Macao
Wu,Anise M.S.1; Lai,Mark H.C.2; Tong,Kwok Kit1
2015-03-31
Source PublicationPsychology of Addictive Behaviors
ISSN19391501 0893164X
Volume28Issue:4Pages:1190-1197
Abstract

An excessive, problematic gambling pattern has been regarded as a mental disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM) for more than 3 decades (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 1980). In this study, its latest prevalence in Macao (one of very few cities with legalized gambling in China and the Far East) was estimated with 2 major changes in the diagnostic criteria, suggested by the 5th edition of DSM (APA, 2013): (a) removing the "Illegal Act" criterion, and (b) lowering the threshold for diagnosis. A random, representative sample of 1,018 Macao residents was surveyed with a phone poll design in January 2013. After the 2 changes were adopted, the present study showed that the estimated prevalence rate of gambling disorder was 2.1% of the Macao adult population. Moreover, the present findings also provided empirical support to the application of these 2 recommended changes when assessing symptoms of gambling disorder among Chinese community adults. Personal risk factors of gambling disorder, namely being male, having low education, a preference for casino gambling, as well as high materialism, were identified.

KeywordChinese Diagnostic Criteria Disorder Gambling Prevalence
DOI10.1037/a0037603
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaSubstance Abuse ; Psychology
WOS SubjectSubstance Abuse ; Psychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000346633900024
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Cited Times [WOS]:5   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Corresponding AuthorWu,Anise M.S.
Affiliation1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MacauFaculty of Social Sciences,Taipa,Macao
2.Department of Educational PsychologyTexas A and M University,United States
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Social Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationFaculty of Social Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wu,Anise M.S.,Lai,Mark H.C.,Tong,Kwok Kit. Gambling disorder: Estimated prevalence rates and risk factors in Macao[J]. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors,2015,28(4):1190-1197.
APA Wu,Anise M.S.,Lai,Mark H.C.,&Tong,Kwok Kit.(2015).Gambling disorder: Estimated prevalence rates and risk factors in Macao.Psychology of Addictive Behaviors,28(4),1190-1197.
MLA Wu,Anise M.S.,et al."Gambling disorder: Estimated prevalence rates and risk factors in Macao".Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 28.4(2015):1190-1197.
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