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Gender differences in pathways to compulsive buying in Chinese college students in hong kong and macau
Ching,Terence H.W.1; Tang,Catherine S.1; Wu,Anise2; Yan,Elsie3
Source PublicationJournal of Behavioral Addictions
ISSN20635303 20625871

Background and aims: The addictive nature of compulsive buying implies that mood disturbances, stress, and cognitive biases that underlie compulsive buying might operate in ways similar in both genders. In the current study, we aimed to test hypothetical pathways of mood compensation and irrational cognitions, which may explain compulsive buying tendencies. We also examined potential gender differences in these pathways. Methods: Twohundred and thirty-two male (age: M = 20.30, SD = 1.74) and 373 female Chinese college students (age: M = 19.97, SD = 1.74) in Hong Kong and Macau completed measures assessing compulsive buying, psychological distress, avoidance coping, materialism, and buying-related cognitions. Mediation analyses via a structural equation modeling approach explained by Cheung (2007, 2009) were conducted, with gender as a grouping variable. Results: There was a gender difference in the mood compensation pathway; avoidance coping partially mediated the link between psychological distress and compulsive buying severity in females only. On the other hand, the irrational cognitive pathway, in which irrational buying-related cognitions fully mediated the link between materialism and compulsive buying severity, was supported for both genders. There was no gender difference in the extent of mediation within the irrational cognitive pathway, and the mediation effect within the irrational cognitive pathway was larger than that within the mood compensation pathway for both genders. Conclusions: Mood compensation processes in compulsive buying might be female specific, and secondary to irrational cognitions, which were gender invariant. Gender-dependent mechanisms and irrational cognitions should be emphasized in compulsive buying treatment.

KeywordCompulsive Buying Gender Differences Irrational Cognitions Mediation Mood Compensation Shopping Addiction
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Indexed BySSCI
WOS Research AreaPsychiatry
WOS SubjectPsychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000379339700020
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Cited Times [WOS]:6   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
Affiliation1.Department of PsychologyFaculty of Arts and Social SciencesNational University of Singapore,Singapore,117570,Singapore
2.Department of PsychologyFaculty of Social SciencesUniversity of Macau,Macao
3.Department of Social Work and Social AdministrationUniversity of Hong Kong,Hong Kong,Hong Kong
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ching,Terence H.W.,Tang,Catherine S.,Wu,Anise,et al. Gender differences in pathways to compulsive buying in Chinese college students in hong kong and macau[J]. Journal of Behavioral Addictions,2019,5(2):342-350.
APA Ching,Terence H.W.,Tang,Catherine S.,Wu,Anise,&Yan,Elsie.(2019).Gender differences in pathways to compulsive buying in Chinese college students in hong kong and macau.Journal of Behavioral Addictions,5(2),342-350.
MLA Ching,Terence H.W.,et al."Gender differences in pathways to compulsive buying in Chinese college students in hong kong and macau".Journal of Behavioral Addictions 5.2(2019):342-350.
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