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Gender differences in emotional response: Inconsistency between experience and expressivity
Deng,Yaling1,2,3; Chang,Lei4; Yang,Meng3; Huo,Meng5; Zhou,Renlai1,2,3
2016-12-08
Source PublicationPLoS ONE
ISSN19326203
Volume11Issue:6
AbstractThe present study investigated gender differences in both emotional experience and expressivity. Heart rate (HR) was recorded as an indicator of emotional experience while the participants watched 16 video clips that induced eight types of emotion (sadness, anger, horror, disgust, neutrality, amusement, surprise, and pleasure). We also asked the participants to report valence, arousal, and motivation as indicators of emotional expressivity. Overall, the results revealed gender differences in emotional experience and emotional expressivity. When watching videos that induced anger, amusement, and pleasure, men showed larger decreases in HR, whereas women reported higher levels of arousal. There was no gender difference in HR when the participants watched videos that induced horror and disgust, but women reported lower valence, higher arousal, and stronger avoidance motivation than did men. Finally, no gender difference was observed in sadness or surprise, although there was one exception - women reported higher arousal when watching videos that induced sadness. The findings suggest that, when watching videos that induce an emotional response, men often have more intense emotional experiences, whereas women have higher emotional expressivity, particularly for negative emotions. In addition, gender differences depend on the specific emotion type but not the valence.
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0158666
URLView the original
Language英语
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Cited Times [WOS]:37   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Affiliation1.State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and LearningBeijing Normal University,Beijing,China
2.Department of PsychologySchool of Social and Behavior SciencesNanjing University,Nanjing,China
3.Research Center of Emotion RegulationBeijing Normal University,Beijing,China
4.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Macau,Taipa,Macao
5.Department of Human Development and Family SciencesUniversity of Texas at Austin,Austin,United States
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Deng,Yaling,Chang,Lei,Yang,Meng,et al. Gender differences in emotional response: Inconsistency between experience and expressivity[J]. PLoS ONE,2016,11(6).
APA Deng,Yaling,Chang,Lei,Yang,Meng,Huo,Meng,&Zhou,Renlai.(2016).Gender differences in emotional response: Inconsistency between experience and expressivity.PLoS ONE,11(6).
MLA Deng,Yaling,et al."Gender differences in emotional response: Inconsistency between experience and expressivity".PLoS ONE 11.6(2016).
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