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Global study of social odor awareness
Sorokowska,Agnieszka1; Groyecka,Agata1; Karwowski,Maciej1; Frackowiak,Tomasz1; Lansford,Jennifer E.2; Ahmadi,Khodabakhsh3; Alghraibeh,Ahmad M.4; Aryeetey,Richmond5; Bertoni,Anna6; Bettache,Karim7; Blumen,Sheyla8; Błazejewska,Marta1; Bortolini,Tiago9,10; Butovskaya,Marina11,12; Cantarero,Katarzyna13; Castro,Felipe Nalon14; Cetinkaya,Hakan15; Chang,Lei16; Chen,Bin Bin17; Cunha,Diana18; David,Daniel19; David,Oana A.20; Dileym,Fahd A.4; Espinosa,Alejandra Del Carmen Domínguez21; Donato,Silvia6; Dronova,Daria11; Dural,Seda22; Fialová,Jitka23; Fisher,Maryanne24; Gulbetekin,Evrim25; Akkaya,Aslihan Hamamcioǧlu26; Hilpert,Peter27; Hromatko,Ivana28; Iafrate,Raffaella6; Iesyp,Mariana29; James,Bawo30; Jaranovic,Jelena31; Jiang,Feng32; Kimamo,Charles Obadiah33; Kjelvik,Grete34; Koç,Firat26; Laar,Amos5; Lopes,Fívia De Araújo14; Macbeth,Guillermo35; Marcano,Nicole M.36; Martinez,Rocio37; Mesko,Norbert38; Molodovskaya,Natalya1; Qezeli,Khadijeh Moradi39; Motahari,Zahrasadat40; Mühlhauser,Alexandra41; Natividade,Jean Carlos42; Ntayi,Joseph43; Oberzaucher,Elisabeth41; Ojedokun,Oluyinka44; Omar-Fauzee,Mohd Sofian Bin45; Onyishi,Ike E.46; Paluszak,Anna1; Pierce,John D.47; Pillay,Urmila48; Portugal,Alda17,49; Razumiejczyk,Eugenia50; Realo,Anu51,52; Relvas,Ana Paula18,53; Rivas,Maria54; Rizwan,Muhammad55; Salkičević,Svjetlana28; Sarmány-Schuller,Ivan56; Schmehl,Susanne41; Senyk,Oksana57; Sinding,Charlotte58; Sorbring,Emma59; Stamkou,Eftychia60; Stoyanova,Stanislava61; Šukolová,Denisa62; Sutresna,Nina63; Tadinac,Meri28; Tapanya,Sombat64; Teras,Andero65; Ponciano,Edna Lúcia Tinoco66; Tripathi,Ritu67; Tripathi,Nachiketa68; Tripathi,Mamta69; Uhryn,Olja70; Yamamoto,Maria Emília14; Yoo,Gyesook71; Sorokowski,Piotr1
2019-06-19
Source PublicationChemical Senses
ISSN14643553 0379864X
Volume43Issue:7Pages:503-513
AbstractOlfaction plays an important role in human social communication, including multiple domains in which people often rely on their sense of smell in the social context. The importance of the sense of smell and its role can however vary inter-individually and culturally. Despite the growing body of literature on differences in olfactory performance or hedonic preferences across the globe, the aspects of a given culture as well as culturally universal individual differences affecting odor awareness in human social life remain unknown. Here, we conducted a large-scale analysis of data collected from 10 794 participants from 52 study sites from 44 countries all over the world. The aim of our research was to explore the potential individual and country-level correlates of odor awareness in the social context. The results show that the individual characteristics were more strongly related than country-level factors to self-reported odor awareness in different social contexts. A model including individual-level predictors (gender, age, material situation, education, and preferred social distance) provided a relatively good fit to the data, but adding country-level predictors (Human Development Index, population density, and average temperature) did not improve model parameters. Although there were some cross-cultural differences in social odor awareness, the main differentiating role was played by the individual differences. This suggests that people living in different cultures and different climate conditions may still share some similar patterns of odor awareness if they share other individual-level characteristics.
KeywordCulture Odor awareness Olfaction Smell
DOI10.1093/chemse/bjy038
URLView the original
Language英语
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Cited Times [WOS]:2   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Corresponding AuthorSorokowska,Agnieszka
Affiliation1.Institute of PsychologyUniversity of Wroclaw,Wroclaw,50-527,Poland
2.Sanford School of Public PolicyDuke University,Durham,United States
3.Behavioral Sciences Research CenterBaqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences,Tehran,Iran
4.Department of PsychologyCollege of EducationKing Saud University,Riyadh,Saudi Arabia
5.School of Public HealthUniversity of Ghana,Legon,Ghana
6.Department of PsychologyCatholic University of Milan,Milan,Italy
7.Department of PsychologyMonash University,Bandar Sunway,Malaysia
8.Department of PsychologyPontificia Universidad Católica Del Perú,Lima,Peru
9.Federal University of Rio de Janeiro,Rio de Janeiro,Brazil
10.Cognitive and Behavioral Neuroscience UnitD'Or Institute for Research and Education,Rio de Janeiro,Brazil
11.Institute of Ethnology and AnthropologyRussian Academy of Sciences,Moscow,Russian Federation
12.National Research UniversityHigher School of Economics,Moscow,Russian Federation
13.Faculty in SopotSWPSUniversity of Social Sciences and Humanities,Sopot,Poland
14.Laboratory of Evolution of Human BehaviorFederal University of Rio Grande do Norte,Natal City,Brazil
15.Department of PsychologyAnkara University,Ankara,Turkey
16.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Macau,Macau,Macao
17.Department of PsychologyFudan University,Shanghai,China
18.Faculty of Psychology and Education SciencesUniversity of Coimbra,Coimbra,Portugal
19.International Institute for the Advanced Studies of Psychotherapy and Applied Mental HealthBabes-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca,Cluj-Napoca,Romania
20.Department of Clinical Psychology and PsychotherapyBabes-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca,Cluj-Napoca,Romania
21.Departament of PsychologyUniversidad Iberoamericana,Ciudad de Mexico,Mexico
22.Faculty of Arts and SciencesIzmir University of Economics,Izmir,Turkey
23.Department of ZoologyFaculty of ScienceCharles University,Prague,Czech Republic
24.Department of PsychologySaint Mary's University,Halifax,Canada
25.Department of PsychologyAkdeniz University,Antalya,Turkey
26.Faculty of LiteratureDepartment of AnthropologyCumhuriyet University,Sivas,Turkey
27.School of PsychologyUniversity of Surrey,Surrey,United Kingdom
28.Faculty of Humanities and Social SciencesUniversity of Zagreb,Zagreb,Croatia
29.Ivan Franko National University of Lviv,Lviv,Ukraine
30.Department of Clinical ServicesFederal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital,Benin-City,Nigeria
31.Belgrade University,Belgrade,Serbia
32.Department of Organization and Human Resources ManagementCentral University of Finance and Economics,Beijing,China
33.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Nairobi,Nairobi,Kenya
34.Department of Medicine and Health Sciences (MH)Norwegian University of Science and Technology,Trondheim,Norway
35.Facultad de Ciencias de la EducaciónNational University of Entre Rios,Concepción del Uruguay,Argentina
36.Philadelphia University,Philadelphia,United States
37.Department of Social PsychologyUniversity of Granada,Granada,Spain
38.Institute of PsychologyUniversity of Pécs,Pécs,Hungary
39.Department of Agricultural Extension and EducationRazi University,Kermanshah,Iran
40.Institute of PsychologyUniversity of Science and Culture,Tehran,Iran
41.Faculty of Life SciencesUniversity of Vienna,Vienna,Austria
42.Department of PsychologyPontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro,Rio de Janeiro,Brazil
43.Faculty of Computing and Management ScienceMakerere University Business School,Kampala,Uganda
44.Department of Pure and Applied PsychologyAdekunle Ajasin University,Akungba-Akoko,Nigeria
45.School of Educational Studies and Modern LanguagesUniversiti Utara Malaysia,Sintok,Malaysia
46.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Nigeria,Nsukka,Nigeria
47.College of ScienceHealthand the Liberal ArtsThomas Jefferson University,Philadelphia,United States
48.Independent scholar,Bangalore,India
49.Centre for Social StudiesUniversity of Madeira,Funchal, Madeira,Portugal
50.Facultad de Ciencias de la EducaciónNational University of Entre Rios,Buenos Aires,Argentina
51.Institute of PsychologyUniversity of Tartu,Tartu,Estonia
52.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Warwick,Coventry,United Kingdom
53.Centre for Social StudiesUniversity of Coimbra,United Kingdom
54.Universidad del Magdalena,Santa Marta,Colombia
55.Institute of Clinical PsychologyUniversity of Karachi,Karachi,Pakistan
56.Center of Social and Psychological SciencesSASInstitute of Experimental Psychology,Bratislava,Slovakia
57.Department of PsychologyIvan Franko National University of Lviv,Lviv,Ukraine
58.INRACentre des Sciences du Gout et de l'Alimentation - CSGA,Dijon,France
59.Centre for Child and Youth StudiesUniversity West,Trollhättan,Sweden
60.Departament of Social PsychologyUniversity of Amsterdam,Amsterdam,Netherlands
61.Department of PsychologySouth-West University 'Neofit Rilski',Blagoevgrad,Bulgaria
62.Educational Research CentreMatej Bel University in Banská Bystrica,Banská Bystrica,Slovakia
63.Jurusan Pendidikan KepelatihanUniversitas Pendidikan Indonesia,Bandung,Indonesia
64.Department of PsychiatryChiang Mai University,Chiang Mai,Thailand
65.Mõttemaru OÜ,Tartu,Estonia
66.Institute of PsychologyUniversity of the State of Rio de Janeiro,Rio de Janeiro,Brazil
67.Organizational Behaviour and Human Resource ManagementIndian Institute of Management Bangalore,Bangalore,India
68.Department of Humanities and Social SciencesIndian Institute of Technology Guwahati,Guwahati,India
69.SRM Institute of Science and TechnologySchool of Management,Chennai,India
70.Faculty of PsychologyLviv State University of Internal Affairs,Lviv,Ukraine
71.Department of Child and Family StudiesKyung Hee University,Seoul,South Korea
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Sorokowska,Agnieszka,Groyecka,Agata,Karwowski,Maciej,et al. Global study of social odor awareness[J]. Chemical Senses,2019,43(7):503-513.
APA Sorokowska,Agnieszka.,Groyecka,Agata.,Karwowski,Maciej.,Frackowiak,Tomasz.,Lansford,Jennifer E..,...&Sorokowski,Piotr.(2019).Global study of social odor awareness.Chemical Senses,43(7),503-513.
MLA Sorokowska,Agnieszka,et al."Global study of social odor awareness".Chemical Senses 43.7(2019):503-513.
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