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Living Slow and Being Moral: Life History Predicts the Dual Process of Other-Centered Reasoning and Judgments
Zhu,Nan1; Hawk,Skyler T.1; Chang,Lei2
2019-06-19
Source PublicationHuman Nature
ISSN10456767
Volume29Issue:2Pages:186-209
AbstractDrawing from the dual process model of morality and life history theory, the present research examined the role of cognitive and emotional processes as bridges between basic environmental challenges (i.e., unpredictability and competition) and other-centered moral orientation (i.e., prioritizing the welfare of others). In two survey studies, cognitive and emotional processes represented by future-oriented planning and emotional attachment, respectively (Study 1, N = 405), or by perspective taking and empathic concern, respectively (Study 2, N = 424), positively predicted other-centeredness in prosocial moral reasoning (Study 1) and moral judgment dilemmas based on rationality or intuition (Study 2). Cognitive processes were more closely related to rational aspects of other-centeredness, whereas the emotional processes were more closely related to the intuitive aspects of other-centeredness (Study 2). Finally, the cognitive and emotional processes also mediated negative effects of unpredictability (i.e., negative life events and childhood financial insecurity), as well as positive effects of individual-level, contest competition (i.e., educational and occupational competition) on other-centeredness. Overall, these findings support the view that cognitive and emotional processes do not necessarily contradict each other. Rather, they might work in concert to promote other-centeredness in various circumstances and might be attributed to humans’ developmental flexibility in the face of environmental challenges.
KeywordAltruism Dual process model of morality Empathy Life history strategy Life history theory Morality Prosociality Social competition Unpredictability
DOI10.1007/s12110-018-9313-7
URLView the original
Language英语
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Cited Times [WOS]:4   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Corresponding AuthorChang,Lei
Affiliation1.Department of Educational PsychologyChinese University of Hong Kong,Shatin,Hong Kong
2.Department of PsychologyHumanities and Social Sciences BuildingUniversity of Macau,Taipa,E21-3045,Macao
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhu,Nan,Hawk,Skyler T.,Chang,Lei. Living Slow and Being Moral: Life History Predicts the Dual Process of Other-Centered Reasoning and Judgments[J]. Human Nature,2019,29(2):186-209.
APA Zhu,Nan,Hawk,Skyler T.,&Chang,Lei.(2019).Living Slow and Being Moral: Life History Predicts the Dual Process of Other-Centered Reasoning and Judgments.Human Nature,29(2),186-209.
MLA Zhu,Nan,et al."Living Slow and Being Moral: Life History Predicts the Dual Process of Other-Centered Reasoning and Judgments".Human Nature 29.2(2019):186-209.
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