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Persuading pariahs: Myanmar's strategic decision to pursue reform and opening
Chow,Jonathan T.1; Easley,Leif Eric2
2016-09
Source PublicationPacific Affairs
ISSN17153379 0030851X
Volume89Issue:3Pages:521-542
Abstract

Myanmar’s liberalizing reforms since late 2010 have effectively shed the country’s decades-long “pariah state” status. This article evaluates competing explanations for why Myanmar’s leaders made the strategic decision to pursue reform and opening. We examine whether the strategic decision was motivated by fears of sudden regime change, by socialization into the norms of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), or by the geopolitics of overreliance on China. Drawing on newly available materials and recent field interviews in Myanmar, we demonstrate how difficult it is for international actors to persuade a pariah state through sanctions or engagement, given the pariah regime’s intense focus on maintaining power. However, reliance on a more powerful neighbour can reach a point where costs to national autonomy become unacceptable, motivating reforms for the sake of economic and diplomatic diversification.

KeywordAsean Aung San Suu Kyi Authoritarian Transitions China Myanmar/burma Pariah States Sanctions
DOI10.5509/2016893521
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaArea Studies
WOS SubjectArea Studies
WOS IDWOS:000382600600001
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Cited Times [WOS]:6   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
Corresponding AuthorChow,Jonathan T.; Easley,Leif Eric
Affiliation1.Department of Government and Public AdministrationFaculty of Social SciencesUniversity of Macau,Macao
2.Division of International StudiesEwha Womans UniversityAsan Institute for Policy Studies,Seoul,South Korea
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Social Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationFaculty of Social Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chow,Jonathan T.,Easley,Leif Eric. Persuading pariahs: Myanmar's strategic decision to pursue reform and opening[J]. Pacific Affairs,2016,89(3):521-542.
APA Chow,Jonathan T.,&Easley,Leif Eric.(2016).Persuading pariahs: Myanmar's strategic decision to pursue reform and opening.Pacific Affairs,89(3),521-542.
MLA Chow,Jonathan T.,et al."Persuading pariahs: Myanmar's strategic decision to pursue reform and opening".Pacific Affairs 89.3(2016):521-542.
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