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Transnational norms and governing illegal wildlife trade in China and Japan: elephant ivory and related products under CITES
Mak,Ginger Jun Ki1; Song,Weiqing2
2019-05-08
Source PublicationCambridge Review of International Affairs
ISSN1474449X 09557571
Volume31Issue:5Pages:373-391
Abstract

This article seeks to determine why the illegal wildlife trade is still flourishing in China despite the country’s adoption of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES). It focuses on the 1989 international trade ban on African elephant ivory. Taking a normative social constructivist approach, the article illuminates the motivations for, and processes and consequences of, accommodating novel norms in domestic situations. In addition, China is compared with Japan to ensure both methodological rigour and wide empirical coverage. It is argued that, although species protection has been adopted as a legitimate transnational norm, it has not been sufficiently socialized into Chinese (or Japanese) society. Rather, related local issues and social, cultural and economic factors play crucial roles in driving ivory demand and trade. Thus, despite the adoption of a relevant regulatory framework, illegal wildlife trade has become a serious problem in today’s highly commercialized Chinese (and Japanese) society. This problem can be solved only by conforming to international conservation norms and implementing stringent regulations and effective governance.

DOI10.1080/09557571.2018.1530636
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaInternational Relations ; Government & Law
WOS SubjectInternational Relations ; Political Science
WOS IDWOS:000466156800002
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被引频次[WOS]:1   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
Document TypeJournal article
专题DEPARTMENT OF GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
Affiliation1.Chinese University of Hong Kong,Hong Kong
2.University of Macau,Macao
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GB/T 7714
Mak,Ginger Jun Ki,Song,Weiqing. Transnational norms and governing illegal wildlife trade in China and Japan: elephant ivory and related products under CITES[J]. Cambridge Review of International Affairs,2019,31(5):373-391.
APA Mak,Ginger Jun Ki,&Song,Weiqing.(2019).Transnational norms and governing illegal wildlife trade in China and Japan: elephant ivory and related products under CITES.Cambridge Review of International Affairs,31(5),373-391.
MLA Mak,Ginger Jun Ki,et al."Transnational norms and governing illegal wildlife trade in China and Japan: elephant ivory and related products under CITES".Cambridge Review of International Affairs 31.5(2019):373-391.
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