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The End of Occupation
Shih-Diing Liu
2017-04-20
Source PublicationInterventions
ISSN1469929X 1369801X
Volume19Issue:4Pages:507-531
Abstract

This essay offers an initial account of the Occupy Central movements of 2011 and 2014, focusing on the dynamic practices and processes of the two occupations through a comparative perspective. It provides a description of the scenes, demands and relationships of ordinary occupiers at the protest zones and considers the implications of the “leaderless” logic in relation to the organization of popular power. Contrary to the romanticizing notion of a leaderless movement and the celebration of Occupy Central as “a spontaneous one without leaders and without the need of leaders”, I propose that it is necessary to pay attention to the tensions and confrontations taking place within the movements. Although the first Occupy Central “set seeds of possibility, gave a sense of new modes of organizing, of direct democratic expression”, its leadership and organizational problems resurfaced in the second occupy protest. The struggle over the freedom to nominate and elect a leader–as manifested in the second occupy movement–has been paradoxically dismantled by its leaderless propensity. The historical conditions that have facilitated the condition for a “leaderless” and “spontaneous” movement and the consequences engendered by these tendencies deserve a critical analysis. The case of Hong Kong, with all its ambivalence about hierarchy and representation, raises deep questions about the notion of leaderlessness and the privileging of tactics over strategy in the context of the global waves of occupy movements.

KeywordAnti-capitalism Hong Kong Leaderlessness Occupy Central Organizing Popular Democracy Spontaneity
DOI10.1080/1369801X.2016.1277151
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaCultural Studies ; History
WOS SubjectCultural Studies ; History
WOS IDWOS:000399563000004
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Document TypeJournal article
专题DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNICATION
Corresponding AuthorShih-Diing Liu
AffiliationUniversity of Macau,Macao
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
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GB/T 7714
Shih-Diing Liu. The End of Occupation[J]. Interventions,2017,19(4):507-531.
APA Shih-Diing Liu.(2017).The End of Occupation.Interventions,19(4),507-531.
MLA Shih-Diing Liu."The End of Occupation".Interventions 19.4(2017):507-531.
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