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Transformation of Macau policing: From a Portuguese colony to China's SAR
Ho,Lawrence K.K.1; Lam,Agnes I.F.2
Source PublicationLaw, and Social Change

This study examines policing in Macau and identifies major forces that have shaped its transformation over past decades. Prior to 1999, Macau was a Portuguese colony. Its criminal justice system inherited key features of the Continental system, including two independent law enforcement agencies: the Judiciary Police and the Public Security Police. In the colonial era, expatriate commanders drawn from the military or legal professions headed both departments, while the rank-and-file was composed mainly of local Chinese. This policing mechanism, together with the ‘laissez-faire’ policing philosophy adopted by colonial leaders, created segregation between policing agencies and the community. Citizens preferred minimal interaction with police, since they were skeptical about their professionalism, capability, and reliability. Macau became part of the Peoples’ Republic of China in 1999. The de-monopolization of the gaming industries in 2002 brought huge GDP growth, but generated internal social conflict. Growing public demand for accountable governance motivated a series of governmental reforms, some of which have extended to policing. These reforms have improved the transparency of policing, but it remains to be seen if they will ultimately succeed in generating public trust in the police forces.

Indexed BySSCI
WOS Research AreaCriminology & Penology ; Social Sciences - Other Topics
WOS SubjectCriminology & Penology ; Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000336389400004
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Cited Times [WOS]:2   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
Affiliation1.Department of Social SciencesEducation University of Hong Kong,Hong Kong
2.Department of CommunicationFaculty of Social ScienceUniversity of Macau,China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ho,Lawrence K.K.,Lam,Agnes I.F.. Transformation of Macau policing: From a Portuguese colony to China's SAR[J]. Law, and Social Change,2014,61(4):417-437.
APA Ho,Lawrence K.K.,&Lam,Agnes I.F..(2014).Transformation of Macau policing: From a Portuguese colony to China's SAR.Law, and Social Change,61(4),417-437.
MLA Ho,Lawrence K.K.,et al."Transformation of Macau policing: From a Portuguese colony to China's SAR".Law, and Social Change 61.4(2014):417-437.
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