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Electrophysiological Correlates of Cue-Related Processing in a Gambling Task: Early Outcome Evaluation or Outcome Expectation?
Zhang, Xiaoyi; Lin, Xiaohong; Takagi, Shiho; Sai, Liyang
2017-06-13
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN1664-1078
Volume8
AbstractSeveral recent studies have suggested that cues that predict outcomes elicit a feedback-related-like negativity (FRN-like negativity) reflecting initial appraisals of whether desired outcomes are probable. Some other studies, however, have found that the cues that predict outcomes elicited event-related potentials (ERPs) that reflect the expectation to outcomes (e.g., outcome expectations). Given these mixed findings, this study aimed to examine whether the brain activity elicited by predictive cues in a gambling task reflected the initial evaluations of the outcomes, the outcome expectations, or both. We used a gambling task in which the participants were told to guess which of two doors hid a reward. At the beginning of each trial, a cue was presented to inform the participants of how many doors hid a reward. We found that these predictive cues elicited a FRN-like negativity at the frontal sites within around 200-300 ms. However, this negativity did not significantly differ between the cues that fully predicted gains and the cues that fully predicted losses. Furthermore, predictive cues elicited an expectation-related slow wave, and cues that predicted gains with a 50% probability elicited a larger expectation-related slow wave than cues that fully predicted gains or losses. Our results suggest that cues predicting outcomes reflect outcome expectations rather than initial evaluations of the forthcoming outcomes.
Keywordfeedback-related negativity event-related potentials outcomes expectation outcome evaluation predictive cues
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00978
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000403137700001
PublisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
The Source to ArticleWOS
Fulltext Access
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Cited Times [WOS]:0   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Xiaoyi,Lin, Xiaohong,Takagi, Shiho,et al. Electrophysiological Correlates of Cue-Related Processing in a Gambling Task: Early Outcome Evaluation or Outcome Expectation?[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2017,8.
APA Zhang, Xiaoyi,Lin, Xiaohong,Takagi, Shiho,&Sai, Liyang.(2017).Electrophysiological Correlates of Cue-Related Processing in a Gambling Task: Early Outcome Evaluation or Outcome Expectation?.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,8.
MLA Zhang, Xiaoyi,et al."Electrophysiological Correlates of Cue-Related Processing in a Gambling Task: Early Outcome Evaluation or Outcome Expectation?".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 8(2017).
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