Photoinduced degradation of methylammonium lead triiodide perovskite semiconductors
Tang X.1; Brandl M.1; May B.1; Levchuk I.1; Hou Y.1; Richter M.1; Chen H.1; Chen S.1; Kahmann S.1; Osvet A.1; Maier F.1; Steinruck H.-P.1; Hock R.1; Matt G.J.1; Brabec C.J.1
Source PublicationJournal of Materials Chemistry A
ISSN20507496 20507488
AbstractPhotoinduced degradation is a critical obstacle for the real application of novel semiconductors for photovoltaic applications. In this paper, the photoinduced degradation of CH NH PbI in a vacuum and air (relative humidity 40%) is analyzed by ex situ and advanced in situ technologies. Without light illumination, CH NH PbI films slowly degrade under vacuum and air within 24 hours. However, we find that CH NH PbI converts to metallic lead (Pb ) when exposed to vacuum and light illumination. Further, a series of lead salts (e.g. PbO, Pb(OH) and PbCO ) are formed when CH NH PbI is degraded under environmental conditions, i.e. under the combination of light, oxygen and moisture. Photoinduced degradation is found to be determined by the environmental atmosphere as CH NH PbI films remain very stable under nitrogen conditions. The results from vacuum conditions underpin that the high volatility of the organic component (CH NH I) is in conflict with reaching excellent intrinsic stability due to its role in creating ion vacancies. The degradation in air suggests that both oxygen and water contribute to the fast photodecomposition of CH NH PbI into lead salts rather than water alone. Given these basic yet fundamental understandings, the design of hydrophobic capping layers becomes one prerequisite towards long-term stable perovskite-based devices.
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Cited Times [WOS]:56   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Affiliation1.Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
2.Das Bayerische Zentrum für Angewandte Energieforschung e.V.
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Tang X.,Brandl M.,May B.,et al. Photoinduced degradation of methylammonium lead triiodide perovskite semiconductors[J]. Journal of Materials Chemistry A,2016,4(41):15896-15903.
APA Tang X..,Brandl M..,May B..,Levchuk I..,Hou Y..,...&Brabec C.J..(2016).Photoinduced degradation of methylammonium lead triiodide perovskite semiconductors.Journal of Materials Chemistry A,4(41),15896-15903.
MLA Tang X.,et al."Photoinduced degradation of methylammonium lead triiodide perovskite semiconductors".Journal of Materials Chemistry A 4.41(2016):15896-15903.
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