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Synthesis, band-gap tuning, structural and optical investigations of Mg doped ZnO nanowires
Singh J.3; Kumar P.3; Hui K.S.1; Hui K.N.2; Ramam K.4; Tiwari R.S.3; Srivastava O.N.3
2012-09-21
Source PublicationCrystEngComm
ISSN14668033
Volume14Issue:18Pages:5898-5904
AbstractIn the present investigation, synthesis, characterizations and the tuning of the optical band gap (E ) of ZnO nanowires (NWs) has been successfully achieved by introducing Mg as an intentional impurity with varying concentrations Zn Mg O (x = 0, 5, 10 and 20 at. %). Although the ionic radius of Mg (0.57 Å) is close to that of Zn (0.60 Å) the crystal structure difference and large lattice mismatch between ZnO (wurtzite, 3.25 Å) and MgO (rock salt, 4.22 Å) causes phase segregation in Zn Mg O with Mg compositions between 37% < x < 62%. Optical measurements of the as grown and Mg doped ZnO NWs shows the optical bandgap tunability from ∼3.35 eV to 3.65 eV as a function of the Mg content. Rietveld refinement of XRD data for the Mg doped ZnO nanowires confirm the wurtzite structure and a continuous compaction of the lattice (in particular, the c-axis parameter) with increasing Mg content. Strong UV with weak visible emission by PL studies establishes the sensitivity of the nanostructures yield, size and band gap to the intentional impurity. This tunability of the band gap of ZnO NWs with an intentional impurity could eventually be useful for optoelectronic applications. © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
DOI10.1039/c2ce06650e
URLView the original
Language英語
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Cited Times [WOS]:81   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Affiliation1.City University of Hong Kong
2.Pusan National University
3.Banaras Hindu University
4.University of Concepcion
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GB/T 7714
Singh J.,Kumar P.,Hui K.S.,et al. Synthesis, band-gap tuning, structural and optical investigations of Mg doped ZnO nanowires[J]. CrystEngComm,2012,14(18):5898-5904.
APA Singh J..,Kumar P..,Hui K.S..,Hui K.N..,Ramam K..,...&Srivastava O.N..(2012).Synthesis, band-gap tuning, structural and optical investigations of Mg doped ZnO nanowires.CrystEngComm,14(18),5898-5904.
MLA Singh J.,et al."Synthesis, band-gap tuning, structural and optical investigations of Mg doped ZnO nanowires".CrystEngComm 14.18(2012):5898-5904.
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