Fiber-cement extrudates with perlite subjected to high temperatures
Li Z.; Zhou X.; Shen B.
Source PublicationJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
AbstractShort fiber reinforced cement composites with large volumes of perlite have been investigated for their resistance to high temperature exposures. The composites were manufactured by the extrusion technique. The extruded products, thin plates and cylinders, were subjected to different thermal treatments with the maximal exposure temperatures. T, of 200, 300, 450, and 600°C, and exposure periods, T, of 1 and 10 h. After that, the residual mechanical properties of those extrudates, such as flexural strength, f, compressive strength, f, and modulus of elasticity, E were measured and normalized to the corresponding values obtained from specimens without thermal treatments. The weight loss ratios, ω, of the composites were also monitored during the thermal treatment process. In addition, the microstructure of these composites was studied using a scanning electron microscope and the pore structure was examined by mercury intrusion porosimetry. It was found that f, f, and E significantly decreased as T, T, or both increased. The property deterioration could be attributed to fiber melting or softening, dehydration of cement hydrates, and porosity increasing during the heating process. Flexural strength, f, decreased more remarkably than compressive strength, f, and modulus of elasticity, E. The thin sheets reinforced by polyvinyl acetate (PVA) fibers showed more significant reduction in flexural strength than those reinforced by glass fibers due to the much lower melting point of PVA fiber. The composites, incorporating silica sand as aggregates, showed greater degeneration of mechanical properties than those using perlite as aggregates. The improvement of thermal resistance of perlite specimens could be attributed to the greater specific heat, lower thermal conduction coefficient, and the better thermal insulation property of perlite. © ASCE / May/June 2004.
KeywordCements Fiber reinforced materials Microstructure Porosity Residual strength Temperature Thermal insulation
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Cited Times [WOS]:18   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
AffiliationHong Kong University of Science and Technology
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GB/T 7714
Li Z.,Zhou X.,Shen B.. Fiber-cement extrudates with perlite subjected to high temperatures[J]. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering,2004,16(3):221-229.
APA Li Z.,Zhou X.,&Shen B..(2004).Fiber-cement extrudates with perlite subjected to high temperatures.Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering,16(3),221-229.
MLA Li Z.,et al."Fiber-cement extrudates with perlite subjected to high temperatures".Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 16.3(2004):221-229.
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