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Effectiveness of collaborative learning of computer programming under different learning group formations according to students' prior knowledge: a cognitive load perspective
Zhang L.2; Kalyuga S.1; Lee C.1; Lei C.2
2016
Source PublicationJournal of Interactive Learning Research
ISSN1093023X
Volume27Issue:2Pages:171-192
Abstract

This paper reports the results of an experiment designed to investigate the effectiveness of different collaborative group formations (homogeneous vs. heterogeneous in terms of prior computer knowledge levels) for learning complex tasks in computer programming from the perspective of cognitive load theory. Web-based learning platform was used to support the collaborative learning.The results of the experiment demonstrated overall benefits of the heterogeneous composition of the collaborative groups. The results also indicated that levels of learners' prior knowledge might influence the effectiveness of collaborative conditions. For learners with lower levels of prior knowledge, the heterogeneous collaborative group was more effective than homogeneous condition while there were no differences between the conditions for more advanced learners. Reported lower ratings of cognitive load and higher instructional efficiency measures for the heterogeneous condition supported the cognitive load explanation of the results.

URLView the original
Language英语
Fulltext Access
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER AND INFORMATION SCIENCE
Affiliation1.University of New South Wales (UNSW) Australia
2.Universidade de Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang L.,Kalyuga S.,Lee C.,et al. Effectiveness of collaborative learning of computer programming under different learning group formations according to students' prior knowledge: a cognitive load perspective[J]. Journal of Interactive Learning Research,2016,27(2):171-192.
APA Zhang L.,Kalyuga S.,Lee C.,&Lei C..(2016).Effectiveness of collaborative learning of computer programming under different learning group formations according to students' prior knowledge: a cognitive load perspective.Journal of Interactive Learning Research,27(2),171-192.
MLA Zhang L.,et al."Effectiveness of collaborative learning of computer programming under different learning group formations according to students' prior knowledge: a cognitive load perspective".Journal of Interactive Learning Research 27.2(2016):171-192.
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