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A novel field-circuit FEM modeling and channel gain estimation for galvanic coupling real IBC measurements
Gao Y.-M.1,2; Wu Z.-M.1,2; Pun S.-H.3; Mak P.-U.2,4; Vai M.-I.2,3,4; Du M.1,2
2016-04-02
Source PublicationSensors (Switzerland)
ISSN14248220
Volume16Issue:4
Abstract

Existing research on human channel modeling of galvanic coupling intra-body communication (IBC) is primarily focused on the human body itself. Although galvanic coupling IBC is less disturbed by external influences during signal transmission, there are inevitable factors in real measurement scenarios such as the parasitic impedance of electrodes, impedance matching of the transceiver, etc. which might lead to deviations between the human model and the in vivo measurements. This paper proposes a field-circuit finite element method (FEM) model of galvanic coupling IBC in a real measurement environment to estimate the human channel gain. First an anisotropic concentric cylinder model of the electric field intra-body communication for human limbs was developed based on the galvanic method. Then the electric field model was combined with several impedance elements, which were equivalent in terms of parasitic impedance of the electrodes, input and output impedance of the transceiver, establishing a field-circuit FEM model. The results indicated that a circuit module equivalent to external factors can be added to the field-circuit model, which makes this model more complete, and the estimations based on the proposed field-circuit are in better agreement with the corresponding measurement results.

KeywordChannel Estimation Channel Modeling Field-circuit Coupling Galvanic Coupling Intra-body Communication
DOIhttp://doi.org/10.3390/s16040471
URLView the original
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaChemistry ; Electrochemistry ; Instruments & Instrumentation
WOS SubjectChemistry, Analytical ; Electrochemistry ; Instruments & Instrumentation
WOS IDWOS:000375153700051
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Cited Times [WOS]:10   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING
Affiliation1.College of Physics and Information Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, China
2.Key Lab of Medical Instrumentation & Pharmaceutical Technology of Fujian Province, Fuzhou 350116, China
3.State Key Laboratory of Analog and Mixed Signal VLSI, University of Macau, Macau 999078, China
4.Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Macau, Macau 999078, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gao Y.-M.,Wu Z.-M.,Pun S.-H.,et al. A novel field-circuit FEM modeling and channel gain estimation for galvanic coupling real IBC measurements[J]. Sensors (Switzerland),2016,16(4).
APA Gao Y.-M.,Wu Z.-M.,Pun S.-H.,Mak P.-U.,Vai M.-I.,&Du M..(2016).A novel field-circuit FEM modeling and channel gain estimation for galvanic coupling real IBC measurements.Sensors (Switzerland),16(4).
MLA Gao Y.-M.,et al."A novel field-circuit FEM modeling and channel gain estimation for galvanic coupling real IBC measurements".Sensors (Switzerland) 16.4(2016).
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