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Single-user MIMO system, Painlevé transcendents, and double scaling
Hongmei Chen; Min Chen; Gordon Blower; Yang Chen
Source PublicationJournal of Mathematical Physics

In this paper, we study a particular Painlevé V (denoted P) that arises from multi-input-multi-output wireless communication systems. Such P appears through its intimate relation with the Hankel determinant that describes the moment generating function (MGF) of the Shannon capacity. This originates through the multiplication of the Laguerre weight or the gamma density xe, x > 0, for α > -1 by (1 + x/t) with t > 0 a scaling parameter. Here the λ parameter "generates" the Shannon capacity; see Chen, Y. and McKay, M. R. [IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 58, 4594-4634 (2012)]. It was found that the MGF has an integral representation as a functional of y(t) and y′(t), where y(t) satisfies the "classical form" of P. In this paper, we consider the situation where n, the number of transmit antennas, (or the size of the random matrix), tends to infinity and the signal-to-noise ratio, P, tends to infinity such that s = 4n/P is finite. Under such double scaling, the MGF, effectively an infinite determinant, has an integral representation in terms of a "lesser" P. We also consider the situations where α=k+1/2,k-N, and α - {0, 1, 2, ...}, λ - {1, 2, ...}, linking the relevant quantity to a solution of the two-dimensional sine-Gordon equation in radial coordinates and a certain discrete Painlevé-II. From the large n asymptotic of the orthogonal polynomials, which appears naturally, we obtain the double scaled MGF for small and large s, together with the constant term in the large s expansion. With the aid of these, we derive a number of cumulants and find that the capacity distribution function is non-Gaussian.

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Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaPhysics
WOS SubjectPhysics, Mathematical
WOS IDWOS:000418997300026
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Cited Times [WOS]:2   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
Corresponding AuthorGordon Blower
AffiliationDepartment of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Macau, Macau, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hongmei Chen,Min Chen,Gordon Blower,et al. Single-user MIMO system, Painlevé transcendents, and double scaling[J]. Journal of Mathematical Physics,2017,58(12).
APA Hongmei Chen,Min Chen,Gordon Blower,&Yang Chen.(2017).Single-user MIMO system, Painlevé transcendents, and double scaling.Journal of Mathematical Physics,58(12).
MLA Hongmei Chen,et al."Single-user MIMO system, Painlevé transcendents, and double scaling".Journal of Mathematical Physics 58.12(2017).
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