Microstrip Leaky-Wave Antennas with Nonuniform Periodical Loading of Shorting Pins for Enhanced Frequency Sensitivity
Xie D.; Zhu L.
2018-07-01
Source PublicationIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
ISSN0018926X
Volume66Issue:7Pages:3337-3345
Abstract

This paper investigates on an effective approach to enhance frequency sensitivity of the classic wideband EH-mode microstrip leaky-wave antenna (MLWA). Nonuniform loadings of shorting pins are installed into the traditional EH-mode microstrip line, which provide a unique discontinuity affecting the mutual intersection of the passband and stopband, thus generating a newly created stopband within the continuous EH-mode fast-wave region. After broadening the stopband, the slope of normalized phase constant is remarkably raised up and the original wide bandwidth of the operating region is effectively reduced, resulting in a dramatically enhanced frequency sensitivity. An equivalent-circuit model of the proposed EH-mode MLWA with nonuniform loading is built up at first, then its nonuniform loading discontinuity effect on dispersion transformation between passband and stopband is further explicated. Moreover, full-wave numerical extraction is also conducted to accurately demonstrate the modified phase constant under varied lateral pins' loading positions and strip widths. After thorough discussion, one set of optimized parameters are selected into antenna design. Compared with the conventional counterpart, the proposed EH-mode MLWA with nonuniform loading of shorting pins notably increases the frequency sensitivity from 0.038°/MHz to 0.135°/MHz.

KeywordDiscontinuity Frequency Sensitivity Microstrip Leaky-wave Antenna (Mlwa) Stopband
DOI10.1109/TAP.2018.2829884
URLView the original
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaEngineering ; Telecommunications
WOS SubjectEngineering, Electrical & Electronic ; Telecommunications
WOS IDWOS:000437411100010
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Cited Times [WOS]:8   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING
AffiliationDepartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Macau, Macau, China
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Science and Technology
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xie D.,Zhu L.. Microstrip Leaky-Wave Antennas with Nonuniform Periodical Loading of Shorting Pins for Enhanced Frequency Sensitivity[J]. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation,2018,66(7):3337-3345.
APA Xie D.,&Zhu L..(2018).Microstrip Leaky-Wave Antennas with Nonuniform Periodical Loading of Shorting Pins for Enhanced Frequency Sensitivity.IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation,66(7),3337-3345.
MLA Xie D.,et al."Microstrip Leaky-Wave Antennas with Nonuniform Periodical Loading of Shorting Pins for Enhanced Frequency Sensitivity".IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 66.7(2018):3337-3345.
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