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Turmeric: A Review of Its Chemical Composition, Quality Control, Bioactivity, and Pharmaceutical Application
Meng, Fan-Cheng1; Zhou, Yan-Qing1; Ren, Dai1; Wang, Ruibing1; Wang, Chunming1; Lin, Li-Gen1; Zhang, Xiao-Qi2; Ye, Wen-Cai2; Zhang, Qing-Wen1
2018
Source PublicationNATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL FLAVORING AGENTS AND FOOD DYES
Volume7Pages:299-350
Abstract

Turmeric (the rhizome of Curcuma longa Linn.) has been used as a spice, food flavoring and coloring agent, and in medicinal preparations for various diseases including cough, diabetic wounds, hepatic and cardiovascular disorders in Eastern civilization for a long time. Curcuminoids and essential oil are the major components of turmeric, which have shown various bioactivities and promising results in various research investigations. Particularly, curcumin has demonstrated powerful efficacy as an anticancer agent, which possesses antiinflammatory, antioxidant, anti-Alzheimer, and anticancer activities in both preclinical and clinical studies. Moreover, curcumin has hepatoprotective, neuroprotective, cardioprotective, hypoglycemic, antirheumatic, and antidiabetic activities. Recently research indicated that the ar-turmerone, α-turmerone, and β-turmerone were the biologically active constituents in the essential oil, and proved their antimicrobial, antioxidative, antiinflammatory activity, and anticancer potentials. Turmeric oil is also widely used in pharmaceutical and cosmetic applications. Therefore, both curcuminoids and volatile components are the basis for healthy efficiencies of turmeric. This chapter will summarize the chemical composition and quality control methods of turmeric, the recent biological studies of curcuminoids and turmeric oil. The pharmaceutics studies and application are also summarized.

KeywordTurmeric Curcuma Longa Linn Curcumin Curcuminoids Essential Oil Turmerone Phytochemistry Pharmacology
DOI10.1016/B978-0-12-811518-3.00010-7
URLView the original
Indexed ByBSCI ; BSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaFood Science & Technology
WOS SubjectFood Science & Technology
WOS IDWOS:000431166600013
PublisherACADEMIC PRESS LTD-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
The Source to ArticleWOS
Fulltext Access
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Cited Times [WOS]:3   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionInstitute of Chinese Medical Sciences
Affiliation1.Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau, Macau, China
2.Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Natural Products, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Chinese Medical Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Meng, Fan-Cheng,Zhou, Yan-Qing,Ren, Dai,et al. Turmeric: A Review of Its Chemical Composition, Quality Control, Bioactivity, and Pharmaceutical Application[J]. NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL FLAVORING AGENTS AND FOOD DYES,2018,7:299-350.
APA Meng, Fan-Cheng.,Zhou, Yan-Qing.,Ren, Dai.,Wang, Ruibing.,Wang, Chunming.,...&Zhang, Qing-Wen.(2018).Turmeric: A Review of Its Chemical Composition, Quality Control, Bioactivity, and Pharmaceutical Application.NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL FLAVORING AGENTS AND FOOD DYES,7,299-350.
MLA Meng, Fan-Cheng,et al."Turmeric: A Review of Its Chemical Composition, Quality Control, Bioactivity, and Pharmaceutical Application".NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL FLAVORING AGENTS AND FOOD DYES 7(2018):299-350.
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