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Regulation of the human secretin gene is controlled by the combined effects of CpG methylation, Sp1/Sp3 ratio, and the E-box element
LEO TSZ-ON LEE; KIAN-CHENG TAN-UN; RONALD TING-KAI PANG; DAVID TAI-WAI LAM; BILLY KWOK-CHONG CHOW
2004
Source PublicationMOLECULAR ENDOCRINOLOGY
ISSN0888-8809
Volume18Issue:7Pages:1740-1755
Abstract

To unravel the mechanisms that regulate the human secretin gene expression, in this study, we have used secretin-expressing (HuTu-80 cells, human duodenal adenocarcinoma) and non-secretinexpressing [PANC-1 (human pancreatic ductile carcinoma) and HepG2 (human hepatocellular carcinoma) cells] cell models for in vitro and in vivo analyses. By transient transfection assays, within the promoter region (11 to 341 from ATG, relative to the ATG initiation codon), we have initially identified several functional motifs including an Eboxand2GC-boxes.Resultsfromgelmobilityshift and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays confirmed further that NeuroD, E2A, Sp1, and Sp3 bind to these E- and GC-boxes in HuTu-80 cells in vitro and in vivo, whereas only high levels of Sp3 is observed to bind the promoter in HepG2 cells. In addition, overexpression of Sp3 resulted in a dosedependent repression of the Sp1-mediated transactivation.Collectively,thesedatasuggestthatthe
Sp1/Sp3 ratio is instrumental to controlling secretingeneexpressioninsecretin-producingandnonsecretin-producing cells. The functions of GC-box and Sp proteins prompted us to investigate the possible involvement of DNA methylation in regulating this gene. Consistent with this idea, we foundaputativeCpGisland(336to262fromATG) that overlaps with the human secretin gene promoter. By methylation-specific PCR, all the CpG dinucleo-tides (26 of them) within the CpG island in HuTu-80 cells are unmethylated, whereas all these sites are methylated in PANC-1 and HepG2 cells. The expressions of secretin in PANC-1 and HepG2 cells were subsequently found to be significantly activated by a demethylation agent, 5-Aza-2 deoxycytidine. Taken together, our data indicate that the human secretin gene is controlled by the in vivo Sp1/Sp3 ratio and the methylation status of the promoter.

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1210/me.2003-0461
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEndocrinology & Metabolism
WOS SubjectEndocrinology & Metabolism
WOS IDWOS:000222259000013
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Cited Times [WOS]:41   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Health Sciences
Corresponding AuthorBILLY KWOK-CHONG CHOW
AffiliationDepartment of Zoology, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, People’s Republic of China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
LEO TSZ-ON LEE,KIAN-CHENG TAN-UN,RONALD TING-KAI PANG,et al. Regulation of the human secretin gene is controlled by the combined effects of CpG methylation, Sp1/Sp3 ratio, and the E-box element[J]. MOLECULAR ENDOCRINOLOGY,2004,18(7):1740-1755.
APA LEO TSZ-ON LEE,KIAN-CHENG TAN-UN,RONALD TING-KAI PANG,DAVID TAI-WAI LAM,&BILLY KWOK-CHONG CHOW.(2004).Regulation of the human secretin gene is controlled by the combined effects of CpG methylation, Sp1/Sp3 ratio, and the E-box element.MOLECULAR ENDOCRINOLOGY,18(7),1740-1755.
MLA LEO TSZ-ON LEE,et al."Regulation of the human secretin gene is controlled by the combined effects of CpG methylation, Sp1/Sp3 ratio, and the E-box element".MOLECULAR ENDOCRINOLOGY 18.7(2004):1740-1755.
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