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Proneness to Boredom Mediates Relationships Between Problematic Smartphone Use With Depression and Anxiety Severity
Elhai, Jon D.1,3; Vasquez, Juanita K.2; Lustgarten, Samuel D.4; Levine, Jason C.1; Hall, Brian J.5,6,7
2018-12
Source PublicationSOCIAL SCIENCE COMPUTER REVIEW
ISSN0894-4393
Volume36Issue:6Pages:707-720
Abstract

Research demonstrates that depression and anxiety symptom severity are related to problematic smartphone use (PSU). However, less is known about variables mediating these relationships. This study aimed to test whether proneness to boredom increased PSU. We also tested whether boredom proneness mediates relations between both depression and anxiety symptom severity with PSU. Using a cross-sectional design, we surveyed 298 American college students about their frequency of smartphone use, levels of PSU, depression, anxiety, and boredom proneness. Using structural equation modeling, we modeled depression and anxiety symptom severity predicting boredom proneness, in turn predicting levels of PSU and smartphone use frequency (SUF). Results demonstrate that boredom proneness predicted PSU, but not SUF. Boredom proneness mediated relations between both depression and anxiety symptom severity with PSU levels (but not usage frequency). We discuss the phenomenon in terms of depressed or anxious college students having difficulty attending to their schoolwork, subsequently experiencing boredom, and engaging in PSU to relieve their boredom.

KeywordMobile Phones Smartphones Boredom Depression Anxiety Internet Addiction
DOI10.1177/0894439317741087
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaComputer Science ; Information Science & Library Science ; Social Sciences - Other Topics
WOS SubjectComputer Science, Interdisciplinary Applications ; Information Science & Library Science ; Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000450362400004
PublisherSAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
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Citation statistics
Cited Times [WOS]:21   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Affiliation1.Univ Toledo, Psychol & Psychiat, 2801 W Bancroft St, Toledo, OH 43606 USA;
2.Univ Toledo, 2801 W Bancroft St, Toledo, OH 43606 USA;
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China;
4.Univ Iowa, Counseling Psychol Program, Iowa City, IA USA;
5.Univ Macau, Global & Community Mental Hlth Res Grp, Taipa, Macau, Peoples R China;
6.Univ Macau, Psychol, Taipa, Macau, Peoples R China;
7.Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth, Baltimore, MD USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Elhai, Jon D.,Vasquez, Juanita K.,Lustgarten, Samuel D.,et al. Proneness to Boredom Mediates Relationships Between Problematic Smartphone Use With Depression and Anxiety Severity[J]. SOCIAL SCIENCE COMPUTER REVIEW,2018,36(6):707-720.
APA Elhai, Jon D.,Vasquez, Juanita K.,Lustgarten, Samuel D.,Levine, Jason C.,&Hall, Brian J..(2018).Proneness to Boredom Mediates Relationships Between Problematic Smartphone Use With Depression and Anxiety Severity.SOCIAL SCIENCE COMPUTER REVIEW,36(6),707-720.
MLA Elhai, Jon D.,et al."Proneness to Boredom Mediates Relationships Between Problematic Smartphone Use With Depression and Anxiety Severity".SOCIAL SCIENCE COMPUTER REVIEW 36.6(2018):707-720.
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