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Fear of missing out: Testing relationships with negative affectivity, online social engagement, and problematic smartphone use
Elhai, Jon D.1,2,3; Levine, Jason C.2,3; Alghraibeh, Ahmad M.4; Alafnan, Ali A.4; Aldraiweesh, Ahmad A.5; Hall, Brian J.6,7,8
2018-12
Source PublicationCOMPUTERS IN HUMAN BEHAVIOR
ISSN0747-5632
Volume89Pages:289-298
Abstract

In the present study, we empirically examined the "fear of missing out" (FOMO) construct and its association with psychopathology-related and technology use measures. We carried out an internet-based survey with 296 undergraduate participants and administered self-report questionnaires of FOMO, frequency and type of smartphone use, problematic smartphone use (PSU), and scales of negative affectivity including depression, anxiety, stress, proneness to boredom, and rumination. The results demonstrated that FOMO was related to demographic characteristics (age, sex, race, and relationship status) but with small effect sizes. FOMO was related to all measures of negative affectivity, social use of a smartphone, as well as the severity of PSU. Tests of mediation indicated that each negative affectivity construct mediated the relationship between FOMO and PSU severity, and only rumination mediated relations between FOMO and smartphone use frequency. When reversing the predictor and mediating variables, FOMO mediated relations between negative affectivity and PSU severity. Finally, results demonstrated some support for a single-factor latent construct for FOMO, but male and female participants had a different pattern of factor loadings. Negative affectivity may be a key mechanism by which FOMO may drive PSU, but future research should clarify the directionality among these variables. Gender related social connectedness differences characterize FOMO.

KeywordFear Of Missing Out Smartphone Addiction Depression Anxiety Rumination Social Connectedness
DOI10.1016/j.chb.2018.08.020
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI ; SSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000449136900031
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Fulltext Access
Citation statistics
Cited Times [WOS]:28   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Social Sciences
Affiliation1.Tianjin Normal Univ, Acad Psychol & Behav, Tianjin, Peoples R China;
2.Univ Toledo, Dept Psychol, Toledo, OH 43606 USA;
3.Univ Toledo, Dept Psychiat, 2801 W Bancroft St, Toledo, OH 43606 USA;
4.King Saud Univ, Dept Psychol, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia;
5.King Saud Univ, Educ Technol Dept, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia;
6.Univ Macau, Dept Psychol, Taipa, Macau, Peoples R China;
7.Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Hlth Behav & Soc, Baltimore, MD USA;
8.Univ Macau, Humanities & Social Sci Bldg E21-3040,Ave Univ, Taipa, Macau, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Elhai, Jon D.,Levine, Jason C.,Alghraibeh, Ahmad M.,et al. Fear of missing out: Testing relationships with negative affectivity, online social engagement, and problematic smartphone use[J]. COMPUTERS IN HUMAN BEHAVIOR,2018,89:289-298.
APA Elhai, Jon D.,Levine, Jason C.,Alghraibeh, Ahmad M.,Alafnan, Ali A.,Aldraiweesh, Ahmad A.,&Hall, Brian J..(2018).Fear of missing out: Testing relationships with negative affectivity, online social engagement, and problematic smartphone use.COMPUTERS IN HUMAN BEHAVIOR,89,289-298.
MLA Elhai, Jon D.,et al."Fear of missing out: Testing relationships with negative affectivity, online social engagement, and problematic smartphone use".COMPUTERS IN HUMAN BEHAVIOR 89(2018):289-298.
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