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The Association of Domestic Violence and Social Resources With Functioning in an Adult Trauma-Affected Sample Living in Kurdistan, Northern Iraq
Kane, Jeremy C.1; Hall, Brian J.2,4; Bolton, Paul1,3; Murray, Laura K.1; Ahmed, Ahmed Mohammed Amin5,6; Bass, Judith K.1
2018-12
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE
ISSN0886-2605
Volume33Issue:24Pages:3772-3791
Abstract

Domestic violence (DV) and other experienced trauma types increase the risk for impaired functioning. Access to social resources may provide a buffer to existing risks and allow individuals to continue and build functioning. This cross-sectional study investigated the direct effects of DV and access to social resources (perceived social support, social integration, and frequency of social contact), as well as their potential interactive effects, on daily functioning among 894 male and female trauma survivors who attended primary care clinics in Kurdistan, Iraq in 2009 and 2010. Experiencing DV was not associated with functioning for males (p=.15) or females (p=.60), suggesting that in the context of a trauma-affected sample, the experience of DV may not significantly increase the risk for functional impairment. Greater amounts of social integration were associated with less functional impairment among males (p<.01) and females (p<.05); social integration was associated with less functional impairment among males only (p<.01); and frequency of social contact was associated with less functional impairment among females only (p<.05), indicating that the association between social resource type and functioning differed by gender. Social resources had a stronger effect on functioning among men compared to women. Among males who experienced DV, social integration was the only social resource associated with less functional impairment (p<.01); among male trauma survivors who did not experience DV, social support was the only resource associated with less functional impairment (p<.01). Further investigation into these associations is warranted to inform intervention strategies for survivors of DV and other traumas in post-conflict settings.

KeywordDomestic Violence Iraq Conflict Trauma Functioning Social Resources
DOI10.1177/0886260516639582
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI ; SSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaCriminology & Penology ; Family Studies ; Psychology
WOS SubjectCriminology & Penology ; Family Studies ; Psychology, Applied
WOS IDWOS:000449831300004
PublisherSAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
Fulltext Access
Citation statistics
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Affiliation1.Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Mental Hlth, Hampton House,8th Floor,624 N Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA;
2.Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth, Baltimore, MD USA;
3.Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Int Hlth, Baltimore, MD USA;
4.Univ Macau, Dept Psychol, Global & Community Mental Hlth Res Grp, Macau, Peoples R China;
5.Trauma Rehabil & Training Ctr, Wchan Org Victims Human Rights Violat, Kurdistan, Iraq;
6.Sulaimani Polytech Univ, Tech Coll Hlth, Community Hlth Dept, Kurdistan, Iraq
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Kane, Jeremy C.,Hall, Brian J.,Bolton, Paul,et al. The Association of Domestic Violence and Social Resources With Functioning in an Adult Trauma-Affected Sample Living in Kurdistan, Northern Iraq[J]. JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE,2018,33(24):3772-3791.
APA Kane, Jeremy C.,Hall, Brian J.,Bolton, Paul,Murray, Laura K.,Ahmed, Ahmed Mohammed Amin,&Bass, Judith K..(2018).The Association of Domestic Violence and Social Resources With Functioning in an Adult Trauma-Affected Sample Living in Kurdistan, Northern Iraq.JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE,33(24),3772-3791.
MLA Kane, Jeremy C.,et al."The Association of Domestic Violence and Social Resources With Functioning in an Adult Trauma-Affected Sample Living in Kurdistan, Northern Iraq".JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE 33.24(2018):3772-3791.
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