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Dioscin (saponin)-induced generation of reactive oxygen species through mitochondria dysfunction: A proteomic-based study
Wang Y.1; Che C.-M.1; Chiu J.-F.2; He Q.-Y.3
2007-12-01
Source PublicationJournal of Proteome Research
ISSN15353893
Volume6Issue:12Pages:4703-4710
Abstract

It is generally believed that traditional Chinese medicine such as saponins has great value as potent cancer prevention and chemotherapeutic agents; however, the molecular basis for their activities is for the most part lacking. In the present study, we used proteomics to examine the cytotoxic effect of dioscin, a glucoside saponin, on human myeloblast leukemia HL-60 cells. Dioscin induced apoptosis in HL-60 cells in a time-dependent manner. Protein profiling of the microsomal fraction with enriched plasma membrane proteins isolated from HL-60 cells revealed that proteins act as chaperones and/or mediators of protein folding and were substantially altered in expression cells upon dioscin stimuli. Further biochemical study indicated that mitochondria dysfunction caused generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), leading to the changes in protein expression. The mitochondrial transmembrane potential (ΔΨ) inhibitor aristolochic acid (ArA) partially abrogated the dioscin-initiated death receptor apoptosis pathway and cell death. The current study provided detailed evidence to support that dioscin is capable of inducing apoptosis in mammalian cells, in which the mitochondria-initiated apoptosis pathway plays an important role. © 2007 American Chemical Society.

KeywordAnticancer Drug Apoptosis Dioscin Mitochondria Reactive Oxygen Species
DOI10.1021/pr070399r
URLView the original
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaBiochemistry & Molecular Biology
WOS SubjectBiochemical Research Methods
WOS IDWOS:000251546200019
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被引频次[WOS]:56   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
Document TypeJournal article
专题Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences
Corresponding AuthorChiu J.-F.; He Q.-Y.
Affiliation1.Chemistry, The University of Hong Kong.
2.Anatomy, The University of Hong Kong.
3.Jinan University
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Wang Y.,Che C.-M.,Chiu J.-F.,et al. Dioscin (saponin)-induced generation of reactive oxygen species through mitochondria dysfunction: A proteomic-based study[J]. Journal of Proteome Research,2007,6(12):4703-4710.
APA Wang Y.,Che C.-M.,Chiu J.-F.,&He Q.-Y..(2007).Dioscin (saponin)-induced generation of reactive oxygen species through mitochondria dysfunction: A proteomic-based study.Journal of Proteome Research,6(12),4703-4710.
MLA Wang Y.,et al."Dioscin (saponin)-induced generation of reactive oxygen species through mitochondria dysfunction: A proteomic-based study".Journal of Proteome Research 6.12(2007):4703-4710.
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